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Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro.jpg
The Kibo summit of Mount Kilimanjaro.
Elevation5,895 m (19,341 ft)[1]
Prominence5,885 m (19,308 ft)[2]
Ranked 4th[3]
Listing
Location
Kilimanjaro's location in Tanzania
LocationKilimanjaro Region, north east Tanzania
RangeThe Eastern Rift mountains
Coordinates03°04′33″S 37°21′12″E / 3.07583°S 37.35333°E / -3.07583; 37.35333Coordinates: 03°04′33″S 37°21′12″E / 3.07583°S 37.35333°E / -3.07583; 37.35333
Topo mapKilimanjaro map and guide by Wielochowski[4]
Geology
TypeStratovolcano
Age of rock3 million years
Last eruptionBetween 150,000 and 200,000 years ago
Climbing
First ascent6 October 1889 by Hans Meyer and Ludwig Purtscheller
Easiest routeHiking

Kilimanjaro (or Kilima Njaro, which means "shining mountain" in Swahili), formerly Kaiser-Wilhelm-Spitze, is a mountain in northeastern Tanzania. Kilimanjaro is the tallest free-standing mountain rise in the world, rising 4600 meters (15,000 ft) from the base, and is the highest peak in Africa at 5,895 meters (19,340 ft).[5] It gives a dramatic view from the surrounding plains. Almost 85% of the ice cover on Kilimanjaro disappeared from October 1912 to June 2011.

Kilimanjaro is also a strato-like volcano. It has explosive eruptions. The last major eruption was about 100,000 years ago.

Climbing and acclimatization

There are 6 routes up Kilimanjaro: Lemosho, Machame, Marangu, Umbwe, Rongai and Northern Circuit.[6]

Since there are big differences in height, climbers can feel Altitude sickness. 7-, 8- and 9-day routes are recommended (especially for beginners), as on them it will be easier to adapt to less oxygen in the air. The more time is spent being on the slope, the easier it is to acclimatize.[7]

References


Template:Volcanic Seven Summits