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Ophthalmology (/ˌɒfθælˈmɒləi/ or /ˌɒpθælˈmɒləi/)[1] is the branch of medicine that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eyeball and orbit.[2]

An ophthalmologist is a person in medical and surgical eye disease. Ophthalmologists are allowed to medically treat eye disease, implement laser therapy, and perform incisional surgery when needed.[3]