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Oscar Niemeyer in 1977
|Born||December 15, 1907|
|Died||December 5, 2012 (aged 104)|
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Oscar Ribeiro de Almeida Niemeyer Soares Filho (December 15, 1907 – December 5, 2012) was a Brazilian architect who is thought to be an important name in worldwide modern architecture. He was a pioneer in the idea of using reinforced concrete for buildings.
Buildings made by Niemeyer often have a lot of empty space, making odd patterns. The biggest work he made was the plan for the city of Brasília.
Politically, Niemeyer was a communist, which sometimes had a bad effect for him: When the military dictatorship of Brazil happened in 1964, Niemeyer was forced into exile in Paris. Fidel Castro once said "Niemeyer and I are the last Communists of this planet."
- "Brazil's 102-year-old architect spends 'crap' birthday". https://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20091215/en_afp/brazilarchitectureniemeyer;_ylt=ArGdUdn3xJLjprPEv6hzAI4EtbAF;_ylu=X3oDMTMyaHExYXRoBGFzc2V0A2FmcC8yMDA5MTIxNS9icmF6aWxhcmNoaXRlY3R1cmVuaWVtZXllcgRwb3MDMzkEc2VjA3luX3BhZ2luYXRlX3N1bW1hcnlfbGlzdARzbGsDYnJhemlsMzlzMTAy. Retrieved 2009-12-15.
- "Dies on Rio the Archited Oscar Niemeyer". http://g1.globo.com/rio-de-janeiro/noticia/2012/12/morre-no-rio-o-arquiteto-oscar-niemeyer.html. Retrieved 2012-12-05.
- "Oscar Niemeyer, Designer of UN Building, Dies at 104". Bloomberg.com. 5 December 2012. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/2012-12-06/oscar-niemeyer-designer-of-un-building-dies-at-104.html. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
- Telegraph obituary
- Pritzker Architecture Prize, "Oscar Niemeyer, 1988 Laureate"; retrieved 2013-3-27.
- Express obituary
- May 2006 Interview with Niemeyer, age 98, in Metropolis Magazine
- Oscar Niemeyer, A Legend of Modernism, a book
- Niemeyer in Brasília history
- Images of The Museum of Contemporary Art, Niteroi, Cathedral of Brasília, and Memorial dos Povos Indigenas (Memorial for the Indigenous People)