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Pope Gregory VII
|Papacy began||April 22, 1073|
|Papacy ended||May 25, 1085|
|Predecessor||Pope Alexander II|
|Successor||Pope Victor III|
|Birth name||Ildebrando di Soana|
May 25, 1085 |
Pope Gregory VII (Latin: Gregorius Septimus; 1020–May 25, 1085), born Hildebrand (Italian: Ildebrando di Soana), was an Italian priest of the Roman Catholic Church and the 158th Pope from April 22, 1073 until he died in 1085.
Hildebrand was born in Sovana in Tuscany. As a youth, he became a Benedictine monk.
Cardinal Hildebrand was elected pope on April 22, 1073; and he chose to be called Gregory.
Pope Gregory was involved in Italian and European political disputes.
After his death
Pope Gregory died an exile in Salerno. His last words were: "I have loved justice and hated iniquity; therefore, I [now] die in exile." ("Dilexi iustitiam et odivi iniquitatem propterea morior in exilio")..
- "List of Popes," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-12-1.
- "Pope St. Gregory VII," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2011-12-1.
- Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1838). "Gregory VII," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 11, pp. 444-446.
- Douglas, J. James Dixon. (1992). "Gregory VII," Who's Who in Christianity, p. 288.
- "Pope St. Gregory VII". Catholic Encyclopedia. (1913). New York: Robert Appleton Company.
- "Gregory VII", Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911
- Catholic Hierarchy, Popes in sequence
- Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Cardinal Ildebrando
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