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Primary election

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A primary election is an election in which people in a political party can choose their party's candidate for a future general election.

They are used in many places in the world. It started in the United States during the progressive movement. People tried to take the power of picking a candidate away from party leaders.[1]



There are two general types of primary elections:

  • Closed primary,[2] where only people in the party can vote.
  • Open primary,[3] where anyone can vote in the primary.