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Prime Minister of New Zealand




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The Prime Minister of New Zealand is New Zealand's head of government. This job is given to the leader of the party or coalition with the most support in the Parliament of New Zealand. Since 19 November 2008, the Prime Minister has been John Key of the National Party.

Responsibilities and powers

The role of the Prime Minister is not formally defined, being based on constitutional convention rather than specific legislation. According to these conventions, the Prime Minister is leader of Cabinet (itself a body existing by convention), and takes a co-ordinating role.

The Prime Minister holds the most senior post in the New Zealand Parliament. The Prime Minister is not able to give direct orders to other people in their party.

The Prime Minister can call for an election by asking the Governor-General to close Parliament

List of New Zealand Prime Ministers

Name Took Office Left Office Party
1 Henry Sewell 7 May 1856 20 May 1856 None
2 William Fox 20 May 1856 2 June 1856 None
3 Edward Stafford 2 June 1856 12 July 1861 None
4 William Fox, 2nd time 12 July 1861 6 August 1862 None
5 Alfred Domett 6 August 1862 30 October 1863 None
6 Frederick Whitaker 30 October 1863 24 November 1864 None
7 Frederick Weld 24 November 1864 16 October 1865 None
8 Edward Stafford, 2nd time 16 October 1865 28 June 1869 None
9 William Fox, 3rd time 28 June 1869 10 September 1872 None
10 Edward Stafford, 3rd time 10 September 1872 11 October 1872 None
11 George Waterhouse 11 October 1872 3 March 1873 None
12 William Fox, 4th time 3 March 1873 8 April 1873 None
13 Julius Vogel 8 April 1873 6 July 1875 None
14 Daniel Pollen 6 July 1875 15 February 1876 None
15 Julius Vogel, 2nd time 15 February 1876 1 September 1876 None
16 Harry Atkinson 1 September 1876 13 October 1877 None
17 George Grey 13 October 1877 8 October 1879 None
18 John Hall 8 October 1879 21 April 1882 None
19 Frederick Whitaker, 2nd time 21 April 1882 25 September 1883 None
20 Harry Atkinson, 2nd time 25 September 1883 16 August 1884 None
21 Robert Stout 16 August 1884 28 August 1884 None
22 Harry Atkinson, 3rd time 28 August 1884 3 September 1884 None
23 Robert Stout, 2nd time 3 September 1884 8 October 1887 None
24 Harry Atkinson, 4th time 8 October 1887 24 January 1891 None
25 John Ballance 24 January 1891 27 April 1893 Liberal
26 Richard Seddon 27 April 1893 10 June 1906 Liberal
27 William Hall-Jones 10 June 1906 6 August 1906 Liberal
28 Joseph Ward 6 August 1906 28 March 1912 Liberal
29 Thomas Mackenzie 28 March 1912 10 July 1912 Liberal
30 William Massey 10 July 1912 10 May 1925 Reform
31 Francis Bell 10 May 1925 30 May 1925 Reform
32 Gordon Coates 30 May 1925 10 December 1928 Reform
33 Joseph Ward, 2nd time 10 December 1928 28 May 1930 United (Liberal)
34 George Forbes 28 May 1930 6 December 1935 United (Liberal)
35 Michael Joseph Savage 6 December 1935 27 March 1940 Labour
36 Peter Fraser 27 March 1940 13 December 1949 Labour
37 Sidney Holland 13 December 1949 20 September 1957 National
38 Keith Holyoake 20 September 1957 12 December 1957 National
39 Walter Nash 12 December 1957 12 December 1960 Labour
40 Keith Holyoake, 2nd time 12 December 1960 7 February 1972 National
41 Jack Marshall 7 February 1972 8 December 1972 National
42 Norman Kirk 8 December 1972 31 August 1974 Labour
43 Hugh Watt (Acting) 31 August 1974 6 September 1974 Labour
44 Bill Rowling 6 September 1974 12 December 1975 Labour
45 Robert Muldoon 12 December 1975 26 July 1984 National
46 David Lange 26 July 1984 8 August 1989 Labour
47 Geoffrey Palmer 8 August 1989 4 September 1990 Labour
48 Mike Moore 4 September 1990 2 November 1990 Labour
49 Jim Bolger 2 November 1990 8 December 1997 National
50 Jenny Shipley 8 December 1997 5 December 1999 National
51 Helen Clark 5 December 1999 18 November 2008 Labour
52 John Key 19 November 2008 27 November National
53 John Key, 2nd time 27 November 2011 present 2008 National
See also: List of New Zealand Prime Ministers by term

Time line

<timeline> ImageSize = width:720 height:2000 PlotArea = left:0 right:0 bottom:60 top:10 Legend = columns:3 left:205 top:40 columnwidth:150 AlignBars = justify

DateFormat = dd/mm/yyyy Period = from:07/03/1856 till:30/07/2005 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical

Colors=

 id:canvas value:gray(0.5)
 id:Ind   value:gray(0.8)        legend:Independent
 id:Lab   value:red              legend:Labour
 id:Lib   value:rgb(0.9,0.8,0.0) legend:Liberal/United
 id:Nat   value:blue             legend:National
 id:Ref   value:rgb(0.0,0.8,0.0) legend:Reform

Define $left = align:right shift:(-25,-5) Define $right = align:left shift:(25,-5)

Define $leftup = align:right shift:(-25,-1) Define $rightup = align:left shift:(25,-1)

PlotData=

 mark:(line,white) fontsize:S shift:(25,-5)
 width:25 fontsize:S textcolor:black
 from:start       till:20/04/1856  color:Ind  $left  text:"___1856_Henry Sewell"
 from:20/04/1856  till:02/06/1856  color:Ind  $right text:"William Fox 1856"
 from:03/06/1856  till:12/07/1861  color:Ind  $left  text:"___1856-1861 Edward Stafford"
 from:12/07/1861  till:06/08/1862 color:Ind  $right text:"William Fox 1861-1862"
 from:06/08/1862  till:30/10/1863 color:Ind  $left  text:"___1862-1863 Alfred Domett"
 from:30/10/1863  till:24/11/1864 color:Ind  $right text:"Frederick Whitaker 1863-1864"
 from:24/11/1864  till:16/10/1865 color:Ind  $left  text:"___1864-1865 Frederick Weld"
 from:16/10/1865  till:28/06/1869 color:Ind  $right text:"Edward Stafford 1865-1869"
 from:28/06/1869  till:10/08/1872 color:Ind  $left  text:"___1869-1872 William Fox"
 from:10/08/1872  till:11/10/1872 color:Ind  $right text:"Edward Stafford 1872"
 from:11/10/1872  till:03/03/1873 color:Ind  $left  text:"___1872-1873 George Waterhouse"
 from:03/03/1873  till:08/05/1873 color:Ind  $rightup text:"William Fox 1873"
 from:08/05/1873  till:06/07/1875 color:Ind  $left  text:"___1873-1875 Julius Vogel"
 from:06/07/1875  till:15/02/1876 color:Ind  $right text:"Daniel Pollen 1875-1876"
 from:15/02/1876  till:01/09/1876 color:Ind  $left  text:"___1876 Julius Vogel"
 from:01/09/1876  till:13/10/1877 color:Ind  $right text:"Harry Atkinson 1876-1877"
 from:13/10/1877  till:08/10/1879 color:Ind  $left  text:"___1877-1879 George Grey"
 from:08/10/1879  till:21/04/1882 color:Ind  $right text:"John Hall 1879-1882"
 from:21/04/1882  till:25/09/1883 color:Ind  $left  text:"___1882-1883 Frederick Whitaker"
 from:25/09/1883  till:05/06/1884 color:Ind  $right text:"Harry Atkinson 1883-1884"
 from:05/06/1884  till:28/07/1884 color:Ind  $left  text:"___1884 Robert Stout"
 from:28/07/1884  till:03/09/1884 color:Ind  $rightup text:"Harry Atkinson 1884"
 from:03/09/1884  till:08/10/1887 color:Ind  $left  text:"___1884-1887 Robert Stout"
 from:08/10/1887  till:24/01/1891 color:Ind  $right text:"Harry Atkinson 1887-1891"
 from:24/01/1891  till:27/04/1893 color:Lib  $left  text:"___1891-1893 John Ballance"
 from:27/04/1893  till:10/06/1906 color:Lib  $right text:"Richard Seddon 1893-1906"
 from:10/06/1906  till:06/08/1906 color:Lib  $left  text:"___1906 William Hall-Jones"
 from:06/08/1906  till:28/03/1912 color:Lib  $right text:"Joseph Ward 1906-1912"
 from:28/03/1912  till:10/07/1912 color:Lib  $left  text:"___1912 Thomas Mackenzie"
 from:10/07/1912  till:10/04/1925 color:Ref  $right text:"William Massey 1912-1925"
 from:10/04/1925  till:30/05/1925 color:Ref  $left  text:"___1925 Francis Bell"
 from:30/05/1925  till:10/12/1925 color:Ref  $right text:"Gordon Coates 1925-1928"
 from:10/12/1925  till:28/05/1930 color:Lib  $left  text:"___1925-1930 Joseph Ward"
 from:28/05/1930  till:06/12/1935 color:Lib  $right text:"George Forbes 1930-1935"
 from:06/12/1935  till:27/03/1940 color:Lab  $left  text:"___1935-1940 Michael Joseph Savage"
 from:27/03/1940  till:13/12/1949 color:Lab  $right text:"Peter Fraser 1940-1949"
 from:13/12/1949  till:20/09/1957 color:Nat  $left  text:"___1949-1957 Sidney Holland"
 from:20/09/1957  till:12/12/1957 color:Nat  $right text:"Keith Holyoake 1957-1957"
 from:12/12/1957  till:12/12/1960 color:Lab  $left  text:"___1957-1960 Walter Nash"
 from:12/12/1960  till:07/02/1972 color:Nat  $right text:"Keith Holyoake 1960-1972"
 from:07/02/1972  till:08/12/1972 color:Nat  $left  text:"___1972 Jack Marshall"
 from:08/12/1972  till:06/09/1974 color:Lab  $right text:"Norman Kirk 1972-1974"
 from:06/09/1974  till:12/12/1975 color:Lab  $left  text:"___1974-1975 Bill Rowling"
 from:12/12/1975  till:26/07/1984 color:Nat  $right text:"Robert Muldoon_1975-1984"
 from:26/07/1984  till:08/08/1989 color:Lab  $left  text:"___1984-1989 David Lange"
 from:08/08/1989  till:04/09/1990 color:Lab  $right text:"Geoffrey Palmer_1989-1990"
 from:04/09/1990  till:02/11/1990 color:Lab  $left  text:"___1990 Mike Moore"
 from:02/11/1990  till:08/12/1997 color:Nat  $right text:"Jim Bolger_1990-1997"
 from:08/12/1997  till:05/12/1999 color:Nat  $left  text:"___1997-1999_Jenny Shipley"
 from:05/12/1999  till:19/12/2008        color:Lab  $right text:"Helen Clark_1999-2008"
from:19/12/2008  till:end color:Nat  $right text:"John key_2008-present"

</timeline>

References

Other websites