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John Key at Government House, 11 February 2015
|38th Prime Minister of New Zealand|
19 November 2008 – 12 December 2016
|Governor General||Anand Satyanand|
|Preceded by||Helen Clark|
|Succeeded by||Bill English|
|31st Leader of the Opposition|
27 November 2006 – 8 November 2008
|Preceded by||Don Brash|
|Succeeded by||Phil Goff|
|12th Leader of the National Party|
27 November 2006 – 12 December 2016
|Preceded by||Don Brash|
|Member of the New Zealand Parliament|
|Assumed office |
27 July 2002
|Preceded by||Constituency established|
|Chairman of the International Democrat Union|
|Assumed office |
21 November 2014
|Preceded by||John Howard|
John Phillip Key
9 August 1961
Auckland, New Zealand
|Political party||National Party|
|Spouse(s)||Bronagh Key (1984–present)|
|Alma mater||University of Canterbury|
John Phillip Key (born 9 August 1961) was the 38th Prime Minister of New Zealand and was the leader of the New Zealand National Party. John Key entered the New Zealand Parliament in 2002 representing the north-west Auckland area of Helensville as a National MP, a seat that he still holds. In 2006 he succeeded Don Brash as the National Party leader in 2006. Key led his party to victory in the November 2008 general election.
On 5 December 2016, Key resigned as prime minister and as party leader. Bill English soon replaced Key as prime minister and party leader.
Key was born in Auckland, New Zealand, to George Key and Ruth Key. His father, who was from the UK, died of a heart attack in 1967. Key and his two sisters were raised in a state house in Christchurch by his Jewish mother.
He attended Burnside High School, and earned a Bachelor of Commerce degree in accounting from the University of Canterbury in 1981. He has attended management studies courses at Harvard University, although he did not receive a degree from this institution.
Key met his wife Bronagh when they were both students at Burnside High School. They married in 1984. She is currently full-time mother of their two children, Stephie and Max.
In 1995, he joined Merrill Lynch as head of Asian foreign exchange in Singapore. That same year he was promoted to Merrill's global head of foreign exchange, based in London, where he may have earned around US$2.25 million a year including bonuses, which is about NZ$5 million at 2001 exchange rates. Some co-workers called him "the smiling assassin" for maintaining his usual cheerfulness while sacking dozens (some say hundreds) of staff after heavy losses from the 1998 Russian financial crisis. He was a member of the Foreign Exchange Committee of the New York Federal Reserve Bank from 1999 to 2001.
Prime Minister (2008-2016)
Key became Prime Minister following the general election on 8 November 2008 which ended the Labour-led government of nine years under Helen Clark. The National Party, promoting a policy of "change", won 45% of the party vote and 59 of the 122 seats in Parliament, a big margin over the Labour Party which won 43 seats.
Key announced he will step down from the role of Prime Minister and leader of the National Party effective 12 December 2016.
- "Official Count Results–Helensville". New Zealand Electoral Commission. 12 November 2008. http://2008.electionresults.govt.nz/electionresults_2008/electorate-15.html. Retrieved 12 November 2008.
- "POLITICS: John Key - A snapshot". Sunday Star Times. 2008-02-03. Archived from the original on 2008-03-19. https://www.webcitation.org/5WQHSoSeA?url=http://www.stuff.co.nz/sundaystartimes/4384966a6619.html. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
- Maggie Tait (2006-11-27). "Profile: John Key". New Zealand Herald. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/section/1/story.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=10412660&pnum=0. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
- "New Zealand Parliament - Key, John". http://www.parliament.nz/en-NZ/MPP/MPs/MPs/3/7/8/48MP78101-Key-John.htm. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
- Bevan Rapson (2005-04-26). "Golden Boy". Metro Magazine. http://www.metrolive.co.nz/metroarchives/metroarchivesarticle/tabid/230/Default.aspx/mid/1416/dnnprintmode/true/?ArticleID=1178&SkinSrc=%5bG%5dSkins%2fMetro%20Live%2fPrinterFrendlySkin&ContainerSrc=%5bG%5dContainers%2f_default%2fNo+Container. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
- Gillian Tett and Ruth Laugesen (2008-02-03). "Who is John Key?". Sunday Star Times. Archived from the original on 2008-03-18. https://www.webcitation.org/5WQHEq1k4?url=http://www.stuff.co.nz/sundaystartimes/4385003a6442.html. Retrieved 2008-02-28.
- "New Zealand Prime Minister John Key announces resignation". Stuff.co.nz. 5 December 2016. http://www.stuff.co.nz/national/politics/87202756/New-Zealand-Government-makes-major-announcement. Retrieved 5 December 2016.