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Saikō (斉衡) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Ninju and before Ten'an. This period started in November 854 and ended in February 857. During this time, the emperor was Montoku-tennō (文徳天皇).
Events of the Saikō era
- 21 April 854 (Saikō 1, 13th day of the 6th month): Minamoto no Tokiwa, also known as Minamoto no Tsune, died at age 43. He was a son of Emperor Saga and he was one of the editors of the Nihon kōki.
- 855 (Saikō 2, 5th month): The head of the great statute of Buddha in the Tōdai-ji fell off. Donations were collected to pay for making another head for the Daibutsu.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ninju" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 716.
- Nussbaum, "Ten'an" at p. 957.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, p. 112-114; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 285; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 165.
- Titsingh, p. 113; Brown, p. 285; Nussbaum, "Minamoto no Tokiwa" at p. 634.
- Nussbaum, "Nihon kōki" at p. 709.
- Titsingh, p. 114.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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