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Citrus unshiu Marc.
A mikan grove
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Subclass: Rosidae
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Species: C. unshiu
A basket of mikan
Cross section

Satsuma[1] / sat-soo-muh/ .n. is a variety of tangerine with a loose skin. It's named after the former Japanese province of Satsuma. In the United Kingdom it is often associated with Christmas.


  1. It is commonly called mikan in Japan, satsuma in the UK, naartjie in Africa and mandarin or tangerine in Canada. In the United States, satsumas are most frequently marketed as tangerines. It is less commonly called satsuma tangerine, satsuma orange, or satsuma mandarin.

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