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Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld
State of the Holy Roman Empire
State of the Confederation of the Rhine
State of the German Confederation
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1699–1825 Image missing
Saxe-Coburg-Saafeld, shown within the other Ernestine duchies
Capital Saalfeld until 1764,
then Coburg
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 - Division of Erfurt 1572
 - Coburg and Saalfeld united August 6, 1699 1699
 - Duchy renamed by the decision of
Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor about
the Ernestine succession
 - Lost Saalfeld, gained
    Gotha, renamed
February 11 1825 1825

The Duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld was one of the Ernestine duchies. Ernest, who became elector of Saxony in 1464, divided his territory between his sons, andover the years more and more small duchies existed.

Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld was reformed on 29 July 1735, although Coburg and Saalfeld had had the same ruler since 1699. As only men could be the rulers of the duchies, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld ceased to exist in 1825, when the last male descendant of the dukes of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg died. The various dukes reorganised their territories. Saalfeld went the dukes of Saxe-Meiningen, Altenburg went to the Duke of Saxe-Hildburgausen, who gave Hildburghausen to the Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. Gotha and Coburg were combined into the new duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.

Dukes of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld

Reign starts Reign ends Duke
29 July 1735 4 September 1745 Christian Ernst
jointly with
29 July 1735 16 September 1764 Franz Josias
16 September 1764 8 September 1800 Ernst Frederick
8 September 1800 9 December 1806 Franz Frederick
9 December 1806 27 January 1807 Ernst Anton Karl Ludwig
27 January 1807 28 July 1807 Occupied by France for one night
28 July 1807 12 November 1826 Ernst Anton Karl Ludwig