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Location in Jiangsu
Location in Jiangsu
Coordinates: 31°18′N 120°36′E / 31.300°N 120.600°E / 31.300; 120.600Coordinates: 31°18′N 120°36′E / 31.300°N 120.600°E / 31.300; 120.600
CountryPeople's Republic of China
County-level divisions11
Established514 BC
 • TypePrefecture-level city
 • Party SecretaryZhou Naixiang
 • MayorQu Futian
 • Prefecture-level city8,488.42 km2 (3,277.40 sq mi)
 • Land6,093.92 km2 (2,352.88 sq mi)
 • Water2,394.50 km2 (924.52 sq mi)
 • Urban
2,743 km2 (1,059 sq mi)
 • Prefecture-level city10,658,000
 • Density1,255.59/km2 (3,251.97/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (Beijing Time)
Postal code
ISO 3166 codeCN-JS-05
GDP (2016)
  • Total

CNY 1.55 trillion
USD $233.07 billion
PPP $442 billion

  • Per capita

CNY 145,205
USD $21,868
PPP $41,487

  • Growth: Increase 7.5%
HDI (2015)0.894
very high[2]
City flowerOsmanthus
City treeCamphor laurel
Regional dialectWu: Suzhou dialect
License plate prefix苏E and 苏U[3]

Suzhou (Wu Chinese [sou˥ tseu˨˩ ]) is a major city in southeastern Jiangsu Province of East China. It is about 100 km (62 mi) northwest of Shanghai.

It is the second largest city in the province, after its capital Nanjing. The city is located on the lower reaches of the Yangtze River and the shores of Lake Tai and belongs to the Yangtze River Delta region. Suzhou is a prefecture-level city with a population of 4.33 million in its city proper, and a total resident population (as of 2013) of 10.58 million in its administrative area.

Its urban population grew at a rate of 6.5% between 2000 and 2014, which is the highest among cities with more than 5 million people.[4][5]



  1. "Table showing land area and population". Suzhou People's Government. 2003. Retrieved 2007-09-07. 
  2. Calculated using data from Suzhou Statistics Bureau. Life Expectancy Index = 0.9672, Education Index = 0.8244, Income Index = 0.896. Refs:
  3. . 交汇点. 2018-10-24. Retrieved 2018-10-24. 
  4. United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. "World Urbanization Prospects: The 2014 Revision". Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  5. Elizabeth MacBride (22 December 2014). Keep an eye on these emerging market cities. CNBC. Retrieved 1 January 2015.