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Tagalog language




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Tagalog
Wikang Tagalog
Native toPhilippines
RegionCentral and South Luzon
EthnicityTagalog people
Native speakers28 million  (2007)[1]
96% of the Philippines can speak Tagalog (2000)[2]
Language family
Standard forms
Dialects
Bataan
Bulacan
Lubang
Manila
Marinduque
Tanay-Paete
Tayabas
Balbal
Writing systemLatin (Tagalog/Filipino);
Historically Baybayin
Official status
Official language inPhilippines Philippines (in the form of Filipino)
Regulated byCommission on the Filipino Language
Language codes
ISO 639-1tl
ISO 639-2tgl, fil
ISO 639-3tglinclusive code
Individual code:
fil – Filipino
Linguasphere31-CKA
Katagalugan.png
Predominantly Tagalog-speaking regions in the Philippines. The color-schemes represent the 4 dialect zones of the language: Northern, Central, Southern, and Marinduque. In addition, Tagalog is used as a second language across the entire country.

Tagalog[3] is one of the main languages spoken in the Philippines. More than 22 million people speak it as their first language.

It was originally spoken by the Tagalog people in the Philippines, who were mainly in Bulacan, Cavite, and some parts of Luzon. Now, Tagalog is spoken nationwide, just like English, and is a mix of Spanish, Malay, and English.

It originally was used with an abugida, the Baybayin script, but the Latin alphabet is now used.

Sample phrases

  • Doon: there
  • Banyo: Bathroom
  • Wala: none
  • May ______ ba kayo?: Do you have ______?(formal)
  • Mayroon po: Response to "May ______ ba kayo", meaning "Yes, sir".
  • Wala po: Opposite of "Mayroon po".
  • Kayo: you (formal), informally, it refers to "you all".
  • Magkano ito?: How much is this?
  • po: ma'am or sir (used in sentences to be polite to an elder speaker)
  • Mabuhay!: Long Live
  • Sino Ka?: Who are you?
  • Ako po si (Pangalan)...: I am (Name)...
  • Mahal kita: I love you
  • Nanay: Mom
  • Tatay: Dad
  • Hindi: No
  • Bakit?: Why?
  • Saan?: Where?
  • Ano?: What?
  • Kailan?: When?
  • Sino: Who?

Related pages

References

  1. Nationalencyklopedin "Världens 100 största språk 2007" The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007
  2. "Educational characteristics of the Filipinos". Census.gov.ph. 2005-03-18. https://www.census.gov.ph/data/sectordata/sr05153tx.html. Retrieved 2012-06-07. 
  3. English, Leo James (1990). "Tagalog, Pilipino". Tagalog-English Dictionary.  

Other websites

Tagalog at Wikibooks
Filipino phrasebook travel guide from Wikivoyage
Media related to Tagalog language at Wikimedia Commons