# Time

**Time** is the never-ending continued progress of existence and events. It happens in an apparently irreversible way from the past, through the present and to the future.

To measure time, we can use anything that repeats itself regularly. One example is the start of a new day (as Earth rotates on its axis). Two more are the phases of the moon (as it orbits the Earth), and the seasons of the year (as the Earth orbits the Sun).

Even in ancient times, people developed calendars to keep track of the number of days in a year. They also developed sundials that used the moving shadows cast by the sun through the day to measure times smaller than a day. Today, highly accurate clocks can measure time in less than a billionth of a second. The study of time measurement is known as horology.

The SI (International Systems of Units) unit of time is one second, written as **s**.^{[1]} When used as a variable in mathematics, time is often represented by the symbol [math]\displaystyle{ t }[/math].^{[2]}

In Einsteinian physics, time and space can be combined into a single concept. For more on the topic, see space-time continuum.

## Units of time

- 1 millennium = 10 centuries = 100 decades = 200 lustrums = 250 quadrenniums = 333.33 trienniums = 500 bienniums = 1,000 years
- 1 century = 10 decades = 20 lustrums = 25 quadrenniums = 33.33 trienniums = 50 bienniums = 100 years
- 1 decade = 2 lustrums = 2.5 quadrenniums = 3.33 trienniums = 5 bienniums = 10 years
- 1 year = 12 months = 52 weeks = 365 days (366 days in leap years)
- 1 month = 4 weeks = 2 fortnights = 28 to 31 days
- 1 fortnight = 2 weeks = 14 days
- 1 week = 7 days
- 1 day = 24 hours
- 1 hour = 60 minutes
- 1 minute = 60 seconds
- 1 second = SI base unit of time
- 1 millisecond = 1/1,000 second
- 1 microsecond = 1/1,000,000 second
- 1 nanosecond = 1/1,000,000,000 second
- 1 picosecond = 1/1,000,000,000,000 of a second
- 1 femtosecond = 1/1,000,000,000,000,000 of a second
- 1 attosecond = 1/1,000,000,000,000,000,000 of a second
- 1 Planck time = smallest measurable unit of time

## Things used to measure time

## Time of day

- World Clock
- U.S. Naval Observatory Archived 2010-08-30 at the Wayback Machine
- Time in Archived 2011-08-10 at the Wayback Machine Hexadecimal numeral system

## Time Media

Horizontal sundial in Canberra

A contemporary quartz watch, 2007

Chip-scale atomic clocks, such as this one unveiled in 2004, are expected to greatly improve GPS location.

Scale of time in Jain texts shown logarithmically

Time's mortal aspect is personified in this bronze statue by Charles van der Stappen.

Two-dimensional space depicted in three-dimensional spacetime. The past and future light cones are absolute, the "present" is a relative concept different for observers in relative motion.

Relativity of simultaneity: Event B is simultaneous with A in the green reference frame, but it occurred before in the blue frame, and occurs later in the red frame.

Views of spacetime along the world line of a rapidly accelerating observer in a relativistic universe. The events ("dots") that pass the two diagonal lines in the bottom half of the image (the past light cone of the observer in the origin) are the events visible to the observer.

## Related pages

## References

- ↑ "Current definitions of the SI units".
*physics.nist.gov*. Archived from the original on 2020-09-20. Retrieved 2020-08-16. - ↑ "Compendium of Mathematical Symbols".
*Math Vault*. 2020-03-01. Archived from the original on 2020-04-28. Retrieved 2020-08-16.