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United States Military Academy

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United States Military Academy
U.S. Military Academy Coat of Arms.svg
MottoDuty • Honor • Country
Established16 March 1802[1]
TypeU.S. Service Academy
SuperintendentLTG Darryl A. Williams
USMA Class of 1983
DeanBG Cindy Jebb
USMA Class of 1982
CommandantBG Steven Gilland
USMA Class of 1990[2]
Academic staff580
Students4,294 cadets[3]
LocationWest Point,
New York
, U.S.
CampusRural – 16,080 acres (6,507.3 ha)
Fight songOn Brave Old Army Team
ColorsBlack and Gold[4]
NicknameBlack Knights
United States Military Academy wordmark.svg
United States Military Academy
Coordinates:41°23′35″N 73°57′29″W / 41.393°N 73.958°W / 41.393; -73.958
NRHP Reference#:66000562
Significant dates
Added to NRHP:1966
Designated NHL:19 December 1960

The United States Military Academy at West Point (also known as West Point, USMA, Army (athletic teams)) is a university that teaches students to become officers in the US Army. Students are called "cadets" and are subject to military rules while studying subjects like engineering and military science for four years. For many years, West Point only taught men, but in 1976 West Point admitted its first female cadets.[5][6] Women currently comprise approximately 15% of entering new cadets.[7]

Military officers compose 75% of the faculty. Civilian professors make up the remaining 25% of faculty positions.[8]

Congress formally authorized and funded West Point on 16 March 1802.[1] West Point was so successful, that military academies were added later for the Navy, Coast Guard and Air Force.

West Point was originally a Fort. The Continental Army used it to guard the Hudson River. General Benedict Arnold tried to betray it.


West Point has a very broad sports program. All of its students are required to compete in at least one sport, either at the intramural (i.e., within the school) or intercollegiate (i.e., against other schools) level, in every semester.

The Army intercollegiate sports teams are nicknamed "Black Knights". Most Army teams play in the Patriot League. The football team plays at the highest level, known as Division I FBS, but is independent—not in any conference. The men's ice hockey team plays in Atlantic Hockey.


Further reading

  • Barkalow, Carol (1990). In the Men's House. New York: Poseidon Press. ISBN 0-671-67312-2
  • Crackel, Theodore (1991). The Illustrated History of West Point. Boston: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. ISBN 0-8109-3458-2
  • Crowley, Robert; Guinzburg, Thomas (2002). West Point: Two Centuries of Honor and Tradition. New York: Warner Books. ISBN 0-446-53018-2
  • Endler, James (1998). Other Leaders, Other Heros. Westport, CT: Praeger Publishers. ISBN 0-275-96369-1
  • Lea, Russell (2003). The Long Green Line. Haverford, PA: Infinity Publishing. ISBN 0-7414-1459-7
  • Hulse, Glenn (1994). Bugle Notes, 86th Volume. West Point, NY: Directorate of Cadet Activities. 
  • McMaster, R.K. (1951). West Point's Contribution to Education. El Paso, TX: McMath Printing Co.. 
  • Miller, Rod (2002). The Campus Guide: West Point US Military Academy. New York: Princeton Architectural Press. ISBN 1-56898-294-1
  • Murphy, Jr., Bill (2008). In a Time of War: The Proud and Perilous Journey of West Point's Class of 2002. New York: Henry Holt and Co.. ISBN 0-8050-8679-X
  • Neff, Casey (2007). Bugle Notes: 99th Volume. West Point, NY: Directorate of Cadet Activities. 
  • Palka, Eugene; Malinowski, Jon C. (2008). Historic Photos of West Point. Nashville, TN: Turner Publishing Company. ISBN 978-1-59652-416-3
  • "West Point: Legend on the Hudson". Poughkeepsie Journal (Montgomery, NY: Walden Printing). 2003. ISBN 0-9674209-1-1
  • Simpson, Jeffrey (1982). Officers and Gentlemen: Historic West Point in Photographs. Tarrytown, NY: Sleepy Hollow Press. ISBN 0-912882-53-0

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