kidzsearch.com > wiki  

New York (state)



KidzSearch Safe Wikipedia for Kids.
Jump to: navigation, search
State of New York
Flag of New YorkOfficial seal of New York
Nickname(s): 
Motto(s): 
Anthem: "I Love New York"
Map of the United States with New York highlighted
Map of the United States with New York highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of New York
Admitted to the UnionJuly 26, 1788 (11th)
CapitalAlbany
Largest cityNew York City
Largest metroGreater New York
Government
 • GovernorAndrew Cuomo (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorKathy Hochul (D)
LegislatureState Legislature
 • Upper houseState Senate
 • Lower houseState Assembly
U.S. senators
U.S. House delegation
  • 19 Democrats
  • 8 Republicans
(list)
Area
 • Total54,556 sq mi (141,300 km2)
Area rank27th
Elevation
1,000 ft (300 m)
Highest elevation5,344 ft (1,629 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total20,215,751[5]
 • Rank4th
 • Density416.42/sq mi (159/km2)
 • Density rank7th
 • Median household income
$64,894[6]
 • Income rank
15th
Language
 • Official languageNone
 • Spoken language
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
NY
ISO 3166 codeUS-NY
Trad. abbreviationN.Y.
Latitude40° 30′ N to 45° 1′ N
Longitude71° 51′ W to 79° 46′ W
Websitewww.ny.gov
New York State symbols
Flag of New York.svg
The Flag of New York.

Seal of New York.svg
The Seal of New York.

Animate insignia
Bird(s) Eastern bluebird
Fish Brook trout (fresh water), Striped bass (salt water)
Flower(s) Rose
Insect Nine-spotted ladybug
Mammal(s) North American beaver
Reptile Common snapping turtle
Tree Sugar maple

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Food
Fossil Eurypterus remipes
Gemstone Garnet
Shell Bay scallop
Slogan(s) I Love New York
Other Bush: Lilac bush

Route marker(s)
[[File:|125px|New York Route Marker]]

State Quarter
Quarter of New York
Released in

Lists of United States state insignia

New York, officially the State of New York, is a state of the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies, which were the first thirteen states to make up the US. New York is in the northeastern United States, bordered by Lake Ontario and Canada on the north, Lake Erie and Canada on the west, Pennsylvania on the west and south, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut on the east, and New Jersey on the south in the eastern parts of the state.

New York was originally New Netherland, started by the Dutch Empire in the early 17th century. Late in the century, it surrendered to an English fleet during the Anglo-Dutch Wars and became part of the British Empire. About half the Dutch colony was given to neighboring English colonies. The Battle of Long Island, Battle of Saratoga, and other important battles of the American Revolution were fought in New York and it joined the new United States. The slave trade brought many black people into the state, where they were forced to work for white colonists.

The United States Census Bureau says that, as of 2005, New York had the fourth most people (population) in the United States, after California, Texas, and Florida. New York's estimated population is 19,297,729.[8]

Many famous people were born in New York, including politicians, scientists, soldiers, artists, writers, entertainers, and others.

New York has a large Italian, Albanian, Dominican and Puerto Rican population.

Midtown Manhattan Skyline at Twilight Hour
Midtown Manhattan Skyline at Twilight Hour

Cities

The biggest city in New York is also called New York, located in the south-eastern part of the state and built on the Hudson River; it is by far the biggest city in the U.S.. Part of New York City is on Long Island, a large island in the Atlantic Ocean, and another part of it is on Staten Island, which is to the southwest of Manhattan, the central business district. Most people living in New York state live in the New York metropolitan area, one of the world's biggest metropolitan areas, which also includes part of eastern New Jersey.

The larger part of New York, north and northwest of the metropolitan area, is called "Upstate New York". Cities in this part of New York include Buffalo, the state's second largest city, Rochester, Syracuse, and the state capital of Albany. These places became cities because of the Erie Canal. Between 1788 and 1797, the Legislature moved the state capital around between Albany, Kingston, Poughkeepsie, and New York City. Albany became the permanent capital from 1797.[9]

Related pages

References