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New York (state)
|State of New York|
|Anthem: "I Love New York"|
Map of the United States with New York highlighted
|Before statehood||Province of New York|
|Admitted to the Union||July 26, 1788 (11th)|
|Largest city||New York City|
|Largest metro||New York metropolitan area|
|• Governor||Andrew Cuomo (D)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Kathy Hochul (D)|
|• Upper house||State Senate|
|• Lower house||State Assembly|
|U.S. House delegation|
|• Total||54,555 sq mi (141,300 km2)|
|Elevation||1,000 ft (300 m)|
|Highest elevation||5,344 ft (1,629 m)|
|Lowest elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|• Density||416.42/sq mi (159/km2)|
|• Density rank||7th|
|• Median household income||$64,894|
|• Income rank||15th|
|• Official language||None|
|• Spoken language|
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (EDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-NY|
|Latitude||40° 30′ N to 45° 1′ N|
|Longitude||71° 51′ W to 79° 46′ W|
|Fish||Brook trout (fresh water), Striped bass (salt water)|
|Mammal(s)||North American beaver|
|Reptile||Common snapping turtle|
|Other||Bush: Lilac bush|
|Lists of United States state insignia|
New York is one of the 50 states of the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies, which were the first thirteen states to make up the US. New York is in the northeastern United States, bordered by Lake Ontario and Canada on the north, Lake Erie and Canada on the west, Pennsylvania on the west and south, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut on the east, and New Jersey on the south in the eastern parts of the state.
New York was originally New Netherland, started by the Dutch Empire in the early 17th century. Late in the century, it surrendered to an English fleet during the Anglo-Dutch Wars and became part of the British Empire. About half the Dutch colony was given to neighboring English colonies. The Battle of Long Island, Battle of Saratoga, and other important battles of the American Revolution were fought in New York and it joined the new United States. The slave trade brought many black people into the state, where they were forced to work for white colonists.
The United States Census Bureau says that, as of 2005, New York had the fourth most people (population) in the United States, after California, Texas, and Florida. New York's estimated population is 19,297,729.
Many famous people were born in New York, including politicians, scientists, soldiers, artists, writers, entertainers, and others.
The biggest city in New York is also called New York, located in the south-eastern part of the state and built on the Hudson River; it is by far the biggest city in the U.S.. Part of New York City is on Long Island, a large island in the Atlantic Ocean, and another part of it is on Staten Island, which is to the southwest of Manhattan, the central business district. Most people living in New York state live in the New York metropolitan area, one of the world's biggest metropolitan areas, which also includes part of eastern New Jersey.
The larger part of New York, north and northwest of the metropolitan area, is called "Upstate New York". Cities in this part of New York include Buffalo, the state's second largest city, Rochester, Syracuse, and the state capital of Albany. These places became cities because of the Erie Canal. Between 1788 and 1797, the Legislature moved the state capital around between Albany, Kingston, Poughkeepsie, and New York City. Albany became the permanent capital from 1797.
- "New York State Motto". New York State Library. January 29, 2001. Archived from the original on May 24, 2009. http://webarchive.loc.gov/all/20090524061808/http://www.nysl.nysed.gov/emblems/motto.htm. Retrieved November 16, 2007.
- "Marcy". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. http://www.ngs.noaa.gov/cgi-bin/ds_mark.prl?PidBox=PG2096. Retrieved October 20, 2011.
- "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20090201060818/http://egsc.usgs.gov/isb/pubs/booklets/elvadist/elvadist.html. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. January 29, 2020. https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/NY,US/PST045219.
- "Median Annual Household Income—2017". Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. 2019. http://kff.org/other/state-indicator/median-annual-income/?currentTimeframe=0.
- "Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and over—2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/14_1YR/B16001/0400000US36. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
- .United States Census
- Stevens, John Austin (1886). The Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries. Historical Publication Co. p. 24. https://books.google.com/?id=V7hnlOojVAEC&pg=PA124.