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New York (state)

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State of New York
Flag of New YorkOfficial seal of New York
Anthem: "I Love New York"
Map of the United States with New York highlighted
Map of the United States with New York highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of New York
Admitted to the UnionJuly 26, 1788 (11th)
Largest cityNew York City
Largest metroNew York metropolitan area
 • GovernorAndrew Cuomo (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorKathy Hochul (D)
LegislatureState Legislature
 • Upper houseState Senate
 • Lower houseState Assembly
U.S. senators
U.S. House delegation
  • 21 Democrats
  • 5 Republicans
  • 1 Vacant
 • Total54,555 sq mi (141,300 km2)
Area rank27th
1,000 ft (300 m)
Highest elevation5,344 ft (1,629 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
 • Total19,453,561[5]
 • Rank4th
 • Density416.42/sq mi (159/km2)
 • Density rank7th
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
 • Official languageNone
 • Spoken language
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-NY
Trad. abbreviationN.Y.
Latitude40° 30′ N to 45° 1′ N
Longitude71° 51′ W to 79° 46′ W
New York State symbols
Animate insignia
Bird(s) Eastern bluebird
Fish Brook trout (fresh water), Striped bass (salt water)
Flower(s) Rose
Insect Nine-spotted ladybug
Mammal(s) North American beaver
Reptile Common snapping turtle
Tree Sugar maple

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
  • Fruit: Apple
  • Muffin: Apple
Fossil Eurypterus remipes
Gemstone Garnet
Shell Bay scallop
Other Bush: Lilac bush

Route marker(s)
[[File:|125px|New York Route Marker]]

State Quarter
Quarter of New York
Released in

Lists of United States state insignia

New York is one of the 50 states of the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies, which were the first thirteen states to make up the US. New York is in the northeastern United States, bordered by Lake Ontario and Canada on the north, Lake Erie and Canada on the west, Pennsylvania on the west and south, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut on the east, and New Jersey on the south in the eastern parts of the state.

New York was originally New Netherland, started by the Dutch Empire in the early 17th century. Late in the century, it surrendered to an English fleet during the Anglo-Dutch Wars and became part of the British Empire. About half the Dutch colony was given to neighboring English colonies. The Battle of Long Island, Battle of Saratoga, and other important battles of the American Revolution were fought in New York and it joined the new United States. The slave trade brought many black people into the state, where they were forced to work for white colonists.

The United States Census Bureau says that, as of 2005, New York had the fourth most people (population) in the United States, after California, Texas, and Florida. New York's estimated population is 19,297,729.[8]

Many famous people were born in New York, including politicians, scientists, soldiers, artists, writers, entertainers, and others.

Midtown Manhattan Skyline at Twilight Hour
Midtown Manhattan Skyline at Twilight Hour


The biggest city in New York is also called New York, located in the south-eastern part of the state and built on the Hudson River; it is by far the biggest city in the U.S.. Part of New York City is on Long Island, a large island in the Atlantic Ocean, and another part of it is on Staten Island, which is to the southwest of Manhattan, the central business district. Most people living in New York state live in the New York metropolitan area, one of the world's biggest metropolitan areas, which also includes part of eastern New Jersey.

The larger part of New York, north and northwest of the metropolitan area, is called "Upstate New York". Cities in this part of New York include Buffalo, the state's second largest city, Rochester, Syracuse, and the state capital of Albany. These places became cities because of the Erie Canal. Between 1788 and 1797, the Legislature moved the state capital around between Albany, Kingston, Poughkeepsie, and New York City. Albany became the permanent capital from 1797.[9]

Related pages


  1. "New York State Motto". New York State Library. January 29, 2001. Archived from the original on May 24, 2009. Retrieved November 16, 2007. 
  2. "Marcy". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved October 20, 2011. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009. Retrieved October 24, 2011. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  5. "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. January 29, 2020.,US/PST045219. 
  6. "Median Annual Household Income—2017". Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. 2019. 
  7. "Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and over—2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". Retrieved January 24, 2016. 
  8. .United States Census
  9. Stevens, John Austin (1886). The Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries. Historical Publication Co. p. 24.