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The Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Flag of Massachusetts State seal of Massachusetts
Flag of Massachusetts Seal
Nickname(s): Bay State
Motto(s): Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem
(Latin: By the sword she seeks peace under liberty)
Map of the United States with Massachusetts highlighted
Official language English
Capital Boston
Largest city Boston
Area Ranked 44th
 - Total 10,555 sq mi
(27,360 km2)
 - Width 183 miles (295 km)
 - Length 113 miles (182 km)
 - % water 13.3
 - Latitude 41°10'N to 42°53'N
 - Longitude 68°57'W to 73°30'W
Number of people Ranked 13th
 - Total 6,349,097
 - Density 818/sq mi  (312.68/km2)
Ranked 3rd
 - Average income $52,354 (9th)
Height above sea level
 - Highest point Mount Greylock[1]
3,491 ft (1,064 m)
 - Average 500 ft  (150 m)
 - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[1]
sea level
Became part of the U.S. February 6, 1788 (6th)
Governor Deval Patrick (D)
U.S. Senators Elizabeth Warren (D)
Ed Markey (D)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Abbreviations MA, Mass. US-MA

Massachusetts is a state in the United States of America. Its official name is the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

Its capital and largest city is Boston. It is on the east coast of the United States. It is next to the Atlantic Ocean and the states of Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Vermont, and New Hampshire. The word Massachusetts comes from Native American language. It means "place with hills."

Massachusetts was one of the first places that European people lived when they came to America. It was one of the first American colonies. The Pilgrims from Plymouth, England came to America for religious freedom in 1620. Massachusetts has some famous schools in the USA, including Harvard University. Massachusetts is also one of the richest states in the United States. Its major cities are Boston, Worcester, Massachusetts, and Springfield, Massachusetts.

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