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Rhode Island

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State of Rhode Island
Flag of Rhode IslandOfficial seal of Rhode Island
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Anthem: "Rhode Island's It for Me"
Map of the United States with Rhode Island highlighted
Map of the United States with Rhode Island highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodColony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
Admitted to the UnionMay 29, 1790 (13th)
(and largest city)
Largest metroGreater Providence
 • GovernorDaniel McKee (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorVacant
LegislatureRhode Island General Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsJack Reed (D)
Sheldon Whitehouse (D)
U.S. House delegation1: David Cicilline (D)
2: James Langevin (D) (list)
 • Total1,214[a] sq mi (3,144 km2)
 • Land1,045 sq mi (2,707 km2)
 • Water169 sq mi (438 km2)  13.9%
Area rank50th
200 ft (60 m)
Highest elevation812 ft (247 m)
Lowest elevation
(Atlantic Ocean[2])
0 ft (0 m)
 • Total1,059,361
 • Rank44th
 • Density1,006/sq mi (388/km2)
 • Density rank2nd
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
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 • Official languageDe jure: None
De facto: English
Time zoneUTC-05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
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ISO 3166 codeUS-RI
Trad. abbreviationR.I.
Latitude41° 09′ N to 42° 01′ N
Longitude71° 07′ W to 71° 53′ W
  1. approximately 776,957 acres
Rhode Island State symbols
Flag of Rhode Island.svg
The Flag of Rhode Island.

Seal of Rhode Island.svg
The Seal of Rhode Island.

Animate insignia
Bird(s) Rhode Island Red chicken
Gallus gallus domesticus
Fish Striped bass
Flower(s) Violet
Viola sororia
Insect American burying beetle
Nicroforus americanus
Mammal(s) Morgan horse
Reptile Painted turtle
Tree Red Maple
Acer rubrum

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Coffee milk
Mineral Bowenite
Ship(s)  Courageous, USS Providence
Slogan(s) Unwind
Tartan Rhode Island State Tartan
Other Fruit: Rhode Island Greening

Route marker(s)
Rhode Island Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Rhode Island
Released in 2001

Lists of United States state insignia

Rhode Island is the smallest state in the United States by area. The capital and largest city is Providence. It is called the "Ocean state" because of its bays and waterways. It was founded by Roger Williams for religious freedom. The Narragansett people lived there before Europeans came, but people like Roger Williams didn't respect them and used the land for their own reasons. The colonists fought a war against the native people and many of them were killed or ran away from the colonists.[5]

Rhode Island was one of the original Thirteen Colonies. It became very important to the economy because of the slave trade, and more slaves were taken to the thirteen colonies through Rhode Island than any of the others in the 18th century. Slavers would send ships from Newport to buy slaves from Africa and make money by trading goods with others involved in slavery.[6] Rhode Island became a state (the last of the thirteen to agree to the new United States Constitution) in 1790.

Rhode Island is bordered on the north and east by Massachusetts, on the west by Connecticut, and on the south by Rhode Island Sound and the Atlantic Ocean. It shares a water border with New York. It is named for a large island in Rhode Island Sound. Rhode Island Some thought the island looked liked Rhodes, an island in Greece. Others didn´t.

An executive order was signed by Governor Gina Raimondo on June 22, 2020 to remove "Providence Plantations" from the official state name due to its ties to slavery. [7] Raimondo stated the change would go into effect "as soon as practicable." [8] In November 2020, the official name was voted to be changed to "State of Rhode Island".

Related pages

Rhode Island State Capitol