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Plymouth



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Flag of PlymouthOfficial logo of Plymouth
Nickname(s): 
Motto(s): 
Plymouth shown within Devon and England
Plymouth shown within Devon and England
Coordinates: 50°22′17″N 4°08′32″W / 50.37139°N 4.14222°W / 50.37139; -4.14222Coordinates: 50°22′17″N 4°08′32″W / 50.37139°N 4.14222°W / 50.37139; -4.14222
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryEngland
RegionSouth West England
Ceremonial countyDevon
City status1928
Unitary Authority1998
Government
 • TypeCity Council
 • BodyPlymouth City Council
 • ExecutiveNOC
 • Lord MayorSam Davey[2]
 • HQCivic Centre Precinct
 • Wards20
 • MPsJohnny Mercer (C)
Luke Pollard (L)
Area
 • Total30.80 sq mi (79.78 km2)
Area rank240th (of 326)
Highest elevation
509 ft (155 m)
Lowest elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2005 est.)
 • Rank(of 326)
 • Demonyms
Plymothian (formal)
Janner (informal)
Time zoneUTC0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
Postcode district
Website{{#property:P856}}

Plymouth is a city and unitary authority in Devon, South West England. It is on the south coast. It has a large port at Devonport used by the Royal Navy. Nearly 250,000 people live in Plymouth and it is the largest place in Devon. West of Plymouth is the mouth of the River Tamar which is called the Hamoaze. Plymouth means mouth of the River Plym.

History

The Roman Catholic Bishop of Plymouth has his cathedral here. Plymouth was badly affected by German bombing during the Second World War, when many buildings were destroyed. The Plymouth Fathers and the Plymouth Brethren were both named after Plymouth. Plymouth is linked to Saltash in Cornwall by two bridges across the River Tamar: the Royal Albert Bridge (built in 1859) carries the railway line to Penzance and the Tamar Bridge the A38 main road. On Plymouth Hoe is the third lighthouse, which used to stand on the Eddystone Rock in the English Channel.

Sports

It has a football team called Plymouth Argyle and a rugby football team called Plymouth Albion.

References

  1. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named brief_history.
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named lordmayor.
  3. "Standard Area Measurements - Local Authorities - Dec 2010 (SAM_LAD_DEC_2010_UK)". UK Standard Area Measurements (SAM). Office for National Statistics. 31 December 2010. http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/geography/products/other/uk-standard-area-measurements--sam-/index.html. Retrieved 1 October 2011.