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New Hampshire

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State of New Hampshire
Flag of New HampshireOfficial seal of New Hampshire
Anthem: "Old New Hampshire"[3]
Map of the United States with New Hampshire highlighted
Map of the United States with New Hampshire highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of New Hampshire
Admitted to the UnionJune 21, 1788 (9th)
Largest cityManchester
Largest metroGreater Boston (combined)
Manchester–Nashua (metro)
Nashua (urban)
 • GovernorChris Sununu (R)
 • Senate PresidentChuck Morse (R)[4]
LegislatureGeneral Court
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. senatorsJeanne Shaheen (D)
Maggie Hassan (D)
U.S. House delegation1: Chris Pappas (D)
2: Ann McLane Kuster (D) (list)
 • Total9,349 sq mi (24,214[5] km2)
Area rank46th
1,000 ft (300 m)
Highest elevation
(Mount Washington[6][7][a]Invalid <ref> tag; refs with no name must have content)
6,288 ft (1,916.66 m)
Lowest elevation
(Atlantic Ocean[7])
0 ft (0 m)
 • Total1,377,529
 • Rank41st
 • Density147.3/sq mi (56.9/km2)
 • Density rank21st
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
 • Official languageEnglish[9]
(French allowed for official business with Quebec)[10]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-NH
Trad. abbreviationN.H.
Latitude42° 42′ N to 45° 18′ N
Longitude70° 36′ W to 72° 33′ W
New Hampshire State symbols
Flag of New Hampshire.svg
The Flag of New Hampshire.

Seal of New Hampshire.svg
The Seal of New Hampshire.

Animate insignia
Amphibian Red-spotted newt
Notophthalmus viridescens
Bird(s) Purple finch
Haemorhous purpureus
Butterfly Karner Blue
Lycaeides melissa samuelis
Fish Freshwater: Brook trout
Salvelinus fontinalis
Saltwater: Striped bass
Morone saxatilis
Flower(s) Purple lilac
Syringa vulgaris
Insect Ladybug
Mammal(s) White-tailed deer
Odocoileus virginianus
Tree White birch
Betula papyrifera

Inanimate insignia
Food Fruit: Pumpkin
Vegetable: White Potato
Berry: Blackberry[11]
Gemstone Smoky quartz
Mineral Beryl
Sport Skiing
Tartan New Hampshire state tartan

Route marker(s)
New Hampshire Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of New Hampshire
Released in 2000

Lists of United States state insignia

New Hampshire is a state in northeast United States. It is one of six states in the New England region. The capital is Concord and its largest city is Manchester. The second largest city is Nashua. Other major cities include Keene, Dover, Portsmouth, and Merrimack.

The state motto is "Live Free or Die" and the nickname is the Granite State. The state flower is the lilac and the state bird is the purple finch. New Hampshire is part of New England. It is bordered by Maine in the East, Massachusetts to the South, Vermont to the West, and Quebec, a Canadian province, to the North.

Its population was estimated to be 1,359,711 in 2019, so it is the ninth smallest state in the United States by population.[12]

New Hampshire's tourist attractions include the Lakes Region, the White Mountains, the autumn leaves, and the New Hampshire Motor Speedway in Loudon. Some famous people from New Hampshire are Franklin Pierce, Adam Sandler, and members of the band Aerosmith. New Hampshire is also famous for being the first state to vote in the Presidential primaries.

New Hampshire was a British colony before the American War of Independence. It became the ninth state on June 21, 1788 when it accepted the United States Constitution.

Related pages


  1. "New Hampshire Almanac: Fast New Hampshire Facts". New Hampshire State Library. 2011. 
  2. For use in a reference publication see Mencken, H. L. (1990). American Language Supplement 2. Knopf-Doubleday. "The adjoining New Hampshire is usually called the Granite State, which the DAE traces to 1830. It has also been called the White Mountain State, the Mother of Rivers, and the Switzerland of America". 
  3. New Hampshire State Library. "State Official and Honorary State Song". State of New Hampshire. 
  4. In the event of a vacancy in the office of Governor, the President of the State Senate is first in line to assume the gubernatorial powers and duties as Acting Governor.
  5. "Geographic Identifiers: New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  6. "Mt Wash". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. 
  8. "Income in the Past 12 Months (in 2017 Inflation-Adjusted Dollars) (S1901): 2017 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates: New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau. 
  9. "New Hampshire Revised Statutes, Title 1, Chapter 3-C:1—Official State Language". State of New Hampshire. 1995. 
  10. "New Hampshire Revised Statutes, Title 1, Chapter 3-C:2—Exceptions". State of New Hampshire. 1995. 
  11. Fehlau, Erin (June 16, 2017). "Blackberry now the state berry of NH". WMUR News. Retrieved December 30, 2019. 
  12. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for thepop United States, Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2009-10-14. 

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