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Ontario, Canada.svg

Ontario is a province of Canada. It is in the Eastern half of Canada, between Manitoba and Quebec. Ontario has the most people of any province, with 13,150,000 in 2009. It has the second largest area for a province with 1,076,395 km². Quebec has a larger area. (Nunavut and Northwest Territories are also larger, but are called territories and not provinces).

Ontario shares a border with the United States and there are several border crossings including the one at Niagara Falls. Along the border are 4 large lakes called Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Lake Huron, and Lake Superior. They each are partly in Ontario and partly in the United States. Together with Lake Michigan in the United States, they are called the Great Lakes.

Toronto is the capital of Ontario. Ottawa, which is the capital of Canada, is also in Ontario. The government of Ontario sits at Queen's Park in Toronto. The leader of the government is called the Premier. There is also a Lieutenant Governor of Ontario who represents the Queen.

Ontario is very big, so sometimes people break it into two. The two parts are called Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario. Most of the people in Ontario live in the south, and that is where the big cities are. The big cities in Southern Ontario are Toronto, Ottawa, Hamilton, London, Windsor, and Sarnia. The cities in the north are smaller. In the far north of Ontario hardly any people live at all, and there are no roads or railways.

Weather of Ontario

Much of Ontario gets lots of snow in the winter. In the summer, it can get very hot in the south parts. In some big cities, there is smog in the summer.

History of Ontario

Ontario became part of Canada when it was created in 1867. Before 1840, it was known as Upper Canada, which was a colony in the British Empire. Between 1840 and 1867 it was known as Canada West.

Symbols of Ontario

The Ontario flag is red with the British Union Jack in the top left corner. The Ontario shield is on the right hand side of the flag.

Flag of Ontario.svg

The Ontario bird is the Loon.

The loon is the provincial bird of Ontario
The Ontario flower is the trillium. It has three flower petals and it is usually white.
The provincial flower of Ontario is the trillium