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Provinces and territories of Canada
Canada's land is composed of thirteen parts: ten provinces and three territories. Canada is governed on the principles of a federation: the Provinces' governments share power with the Government of Canada (the federal government). The territories' governments have a more limited set of powers versus the federal government than that of the provinces'.
The provinces are in the south of Canada, and the territories are in the north, where fewer people live.
Pacific Coast or West Coast
- AB is Alberta (its capital is Edmonton)
- SK is Saskatchewan (its capital is Regina)
- MB is Manitoba (its capital is Winnipeg)
- ON is Ontario (its capital is Toronto)
- QC is Quebec (its capital is Quebec City) (the abbreviation 'PQ' is still used in place of the more commonly accepted 'QC')
- NB is New Brunswick (its capital is Fredericton)
- NS is Nova Scotia (its capital is Halifax)
- PE is Prince Edward Island (its capital is Charlottetown)
- NL (formerly NF) is Newfoundland and Labrador (its capital is St. John's)
The three territories are:
- YT is Yukon (its capital is Whitehorse)
- NT is Northwest Territories (its capital is Yellowknife)
- NU is Nunavut (its capital is Iqaluit).