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# Ottawa

City of Ottawa
Ville d'Ottawa
 Flag Coat of arms
Nickname(s):
Motto(s):
Location of Ottawa in the province of Ontario
Coordinates: 45°25′N 75°41′W﻿ / ﻿45.417°N 75.683°W
ProvinceOntario
RegionNational Capital Region
Established1826 as Bytown[3]
Incorporated1855 as City of Ottawa[3]
Amalgamated1 January 2001
Government
• MayorJim Watson
• City CouncilOttawa City Council
• MPs
• MPPs
Area
• City (single-tier)2,778.13 km2 (1,072.9 sq mi)
• Urban
501.92 km2 (193.79 sq mi)
• Metro
5,716.00 km2 (2,206.96 sq mi)
Elevation
70 m (230 ft)
Population
(2016)[7][8]
• City (single-tier)934,243 (4th)
• Density334.8/km2 (867/sq mi)
• Urban
933,596
• Urban density1,860.1/km2 (4,818/sq mi)
• Metro
1,323,783 (5th)
• Metro density196.6/km2 (509/sq mi)
• Demonym[9][10]
Ottawan
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
• Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Postal code span
K1A-K4A[2]
GDPUS$58.2 billion[11] GDP per capitaUS$44,149[11]
Websitewww.ottawa.ca

Ottawa is the capital of Canada and is part of the province of Ontario. It is south of the Ottawa River. In 2004, there were about 808,391 people in the city. The region has about 1,146,790 people. The mayor of the city today (since December 2010) is Jim Watson. Ottawa is in the Ottawa Valley on the border with the province of Quebec. Ottawa is the fourth largest city in Canada.

When people talk about Ottawa, they are sometimes using the name as an eponym meaning the highest government in Canada, and not its local government or the city.

The cities of Ottawa, Kanata, Nepean, Gloucester and Vanier and the villages of Manotick and Rockcliffe Park joined in the year 2000 to form the new city of Ottawa. Ottawa also includes Orléans, which joined at that same time.

The city began with the name Bytown and became the city of Ottawa in 1855. The Rideau Canal ends in Ottawa.

Ottawa has many museums, many buildings for the government of Canada and many parks. There is a market area downtown.

There are many festivals during the year including Winterlude in February, The Tulip Festival in May, and BluesFest in the summer. There is also a large celebration on July 1st for Canada Day.

The Ottawa Senators play ice hockey in an arena called The Canadian Tire Centre.

There are lots of tulips in Ottawa in May.

## Climate

### Rain and snow

The average yearly precipitation in Ottawa is 943 millimetres.

2017 was a record year in Ottawa because there was precipitation of 1,213 millimetres during the first ten months of the year. The old record was in 1972, when the precipitation was 1,174 millimetres. [12]

## References

1. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc (2014). Britannica Student Encyclopedia. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.. p. 8. .
2. Art Montague (2008). "Ottawa Book of Everything". MacIntyre Purcell Publishing. Retrieved 14 July 2011.
3. Justin D. Edwards; Douglas Ivison (2005). Downtown Canada: Writing Canadian Cities. University of Toronto Press. p. 35. .
4. "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and urban areas, 2006 and 2001 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. 5 November 2008. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
5. "Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas, 2006 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. 5 November 2008. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
6. Census Profile, 2016 Census – Ottawa, Census division
7. Census Profile, 2016 Census – Ottawa – Gatineau Census metropolitan area
8. "City of Ottawa – Design C". Ottawa.ca. 20 May 2010. Archived from the original on 18 January 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
9. "Rapport au / Report to:". Ottawa.ca. 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
10. "Global city GDP 2014". Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on 4 June 2013. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
11. "Ottawa shatters annual rainfall record". Retrieved November 10, 2017.