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Iqaluit




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ᐃᖃᓗᐃᑦ

Frobisher Bay
City of Iqaluit
Coordinates: 63°44′55″N 068°31′11″W / 63.74861°N 68.51972°W / 63.74861; -68.51972Coordinates: 63°44′55″N 068°31′11″W / 63.74861°N 68.51972°W / 63.74861; -68.51972
CountryCanada
TerritoryNunavut
RegionQikiqtaaluk Region
Electoral districtsIqaluit-Manirajak
Iqaluit-Niaqunnguu
Iqaluit-Sinaa
Iqaluit-Tasiluk
Settled1942
Village status1974
Town status1980
City status19 April 2001
Founded byNakasuk
Government
 • TypeIqaluit Municipal Council
 • MayorMadeleine Redfern[1]
 • MLAsMonica Ell-Kanayuk
Pat Angnakak
Paul Okalik
George Hickes
Area
 • Total52.50 km2 (20.27 sq mi)
 • Population Centre9.55 km2 (3.69 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total7,740
 • Density147.43/km2 (381.84/sq mi)
 • Population Centre
7,082
 • Population Centre density741.6/km2 (1,920.7/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Canadian Postal code
X0A 0H0, X0A 1H0
Telephone Exchanges222 (mobile), 975, 979
NTS Map025N10
GNBC CodeOATRP
Websitewww.city.iqaluit.nu.ca

Iqaluit is the capital of and largest community in Nunavut Territory in Canada. It is the most northerly capital in Canada, and is also Canada's fastest growing community.[8]

History

The name Iqaluit is Inuktitut word meaning "place of many fish".[9] It is built on the mouth of the Sylvia Grinnell River, on Frobisher Bay. English explorer Martin Frobisher sailed into the bay in 1576 and thought he had discovered the Northwest Passage.[9] The settlement was called Frobisher Bay from 1955 until 1987.[9] The weather in there is normally cold.

References

Iqaluit Climatological Data
Temperature
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Mean
Record high °C (°F) 4 (39) 4 (39) 4 (39) 7 (45) 13 (55) 22 (72) 26 (79) 26 (79) 17 (63) 7 (45) 6 (43) 4 (39)
Average high °C (°F) -23 (-9) -24 (-11) -19 (-2) -10 (14) -1 (30) 7 (45) 12 (54) 10 (50) 5 (41) -2 (28) -9 (16) -19 (-2) -6 (21)
Mean °C (°F) -27 (-17) -28 (-18) -24 (-11) -15 (5) -4 (25) 4 (39) 8 (46) 7 (45) 2 (36) -5 (23) -13 (9) -23 (-9) -10 (14)
Average low °C (°F) -31 (-24) -32 (-26) -29 (-20) -20 (-4) -8 (18) 0 (32) 4 (39) 3 (37) -0 (32) -8 (18) -18 (-0) -27 (-17) -14 (7)
Record low °C (°F) -45 (-49) -46 (-51) -45 (-49) -34 (-29) -26 (-15) -10 (14) -3 (27) -3 (27) -13 (9) -27 (-17) -36 (-33) -43 (-45)
Precipitation and Sunshine Hours
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Total
Total mm (in) 21 (0.8) 15 (0.6) 22 (0.9) 28 (1.1) 27 (1.1) 35 (1.4) 59 (2.2) 66 (2.6) 55 (2.2) 37 (1.5) 29 (1.1) 18 (0.7) 412 (16.2)
Rainfall mm (in) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (0.1) 25 (1.0) 59 (2.3) 65 (2.6) 42 (1.7) 5 (0.2) 1 (0) 0 (0) 198 (7.8)
Snowfall cm (in) 23 (9.1) 16 (6.3) 25 (9.8) 32 (12.6) 25 (9.8) 10 (3.9) 0 (0) 1 (0.4) 14 (5.5) 35 (13.8) 32 (12.6) 22 (8.7) 236 (92.9)
Sunshine hours 34 98 170 224 194 197 218 170 89 54 40 19 1506
Data recorded at Iqaluit Airport for Environment Canada. Average data recorded over a 30-year span from 1971 to 2000.