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Northwest Passage

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Red line shows the Northwest Passage

The Northwest Passage is sea passage along the north coast of North America. Because of ice, the passage is usually closed to ships. Spain wanted to reach Asia by a western route, because Portugal had control over the eastern route through Africa. Spain wanted to have a route that it could have control over. This caused most European countries to search for a possible route. Roald Amundsen was the first person to navigate the passage between 1903 and 1906.