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Prince Edward Island

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Prince Edward Island
Île-du-Prince-Édouard (French)
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Latin: Parva sub ingenti
(The small protected by the great)
Capital Charlottetown
Largest city Charlottetown
Largest metro Charlottetown
Official languages English (de facto)
Demonym Prince Edward Islander, Islander
Lieutenant Governor Frank Lewis
Premier Dennis King (PC)
Legislature Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island
Federal representation (in Canadian Parliament)
House seats 4 of 308 (1.3%)
Senate seats 4 of 105 (3.8%)
Confederation July 1, 1873 (8th)
Area [1] Ranked 13th
Total 5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
Land 5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)
Water (%) 0 km2 (0 sq mi) (0%)
Proportion of Canada 0.1% of 9,984,670 km2
Population  Ranked 10th
Total (2011) 140,204 [2]
Density (2011) 24.77/km2 (64.2/sq mi)
GDP  Ranked 10th
Total (2009) C$4.75 billion[3]
Per capita C$31,278 (13th)
Postal PE
ISO 3166-2 CA-PE
Time zone UTC-4
Postal code prefix C
Flower Pink Lady's Slipper
Tree Red Oak
Bird Blue Jay
Rankings include all provinces and territories
Location of Prince Edward Island (in red, inside red circle) in Canada (in white)

Prince Edward Island (PEI; French: Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada. It is the smallest of Canada's ten provinces. Most of the people on Prince Edward Island speak English. Prince Edward Island was named for the son of King George lll of Britain, and it joined the Dominion of Canada in 1873.

This province is 224 km (139 miles) long and 4 to 60 kilometers (2.5 to 37 miles) wide. The capital, and also the largest city, is Charlottetown.

Prince Edward Island is known for being the location for novels written by Lucy Maud Montgomery including Anne of Green Gables. It is also important for being the "Birthplace of Confederation", because the Charlottetown Conference in 1864 was in Prince Edward Island.

Government and politics

The government of Prince Edward Island is a parliamentary government, with a constitutial monarchy. The monarch (king or queen) right now is Queen Elizabeth II, who is also the monarch for the rest of Canada. The person who represents the Queen is called the Lieutenant Governor.


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