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Prince Edward Island
|Prince Edward Island|
| Motto: Latin: Parva sub ingenti|
(The small protected by the great)
|Official languages||English (de facto)|
|Demonym||Prince Edward Islander, Islander|
|Lieutenant Governor||Frank Lewis|
|Premier||Dennis King (PC)|
|Legislature||Legislative Assembly of Prince Edward Island|
|Federal representation||(in Canadian Parliament)|
|House seats||4 of 308 (1.3%)|
|Senate seats||4 of 105 (3.8%)|
|Confederation||July 1, 1873 (8th)|
|Area ||Ranked 13th|
|Total||5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)|
|Land||5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi)|
|Water (%)||0 km2 (0 sq mi) (0%)|
|Proportion of Canada||0.1% of 9,984,670 km2|
|Total (2011)||140,204 |
|Density (2011)||24.77/km2 (64.2/sq mi)|
|Total (2009)||C$4.75 billion|
|Per capita||C$31,278 (13th)|
|Postal code prefix||C|
|Flower||Pink Lady's Slipper|
|Rankings include all provinces and territories|
Prince Edward Island (PEI; French: Île-du-Prince-Édouard) is a province of Canada. It is the smallest of Canada's ten provinces. Most of the people on Prince Edward Island speak English. Prince Edward Island was named for the son of King George lll of Britain, and it joined the Dominion of Canada in 1873.
This province is 224 km (139 miles) long and 4 to 60 kilometers (2.5 to 37 miles) wide. The capital, and also the largest city, is Charlottetown.
Prince Edward Island is known for being the location for novels written by Lucy Maud Montgomery including Anne of Green Gables. It is also important for being the "Birthplace of Confederation", because the Charlottetown Conference in 1864 was in Prince Edward Island.
Government and politics
The government of Prince Edward Island is a parliamentary government, with a constitutial monarchy. The monarch (king or queen) right now is Queen Elizabeth II, who is also the monarch for the rest of Canada. The person who represents the Queen is called the Lieutenant Governor.
- "Land and freshwater area, by province and territory.". Statistics Canada. February 1, 2005. http://www.statcan.gc.ca/tables-tableaux/sum-som/l01/cst01/phys01-eng.htm. Retrieved August 5, 2012.
- "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statcan.gc.ca. February 8, 2012. http://www12.statcan.ca/census-recensement/2011/dp-pd/hlt-fst/pd-pl/Table-Tableau.cfm?LANG=Eng&T=101&S=50&O=A. Retrieved February 8, 2012.
- "Gross domestic product, expenditure-based, by province and territory". 0.statcan.ca. November 4, 2010. http://www40.statcan.ca/l01/cst01/econ15.htm. Retrieved February 23, 2011.