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September 11 attacks



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September 11 attacks
September 11 attacks

Location
Date September 11, 2001; 19 years ago (2001-09-11)
8:46 – 10:28 a.m. (EDT)
Attack type
Deaths 2,996 (2,977 victims + 19 hijackers)
Injured 6,000+
Perpetrator(s)

The September 11 attacks (also called 9/11),[nb 1] were four terrorist attacks against the United States Of America. They all happened on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001. The attacks killed 3,000 people, including the 19 attackers,[2] making it the deadliest terrorist attack in history.[3] They caused more than $10 billion in damage to infrastructure.[4][5] They were carried out by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda.[6][7][8] They used passenger airplanes to destroy famous buildings by flying the planes into them. There were two attacks in New York City and one in Arlington, Virginia. The fourth attack did not work and the plane crashed in a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania.

The buildings attacked were the World Trade Center's twin towers in New York City, and the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia. The fourth plane crashed in an empty field in Pennsylvania before it could reach its target in Washington, D.C. That target was either the White House or the United States Capitol.[9] After the event, the United States government said the people who had done the attacks were close to the terrorist group al-Qaeda.

Airplanes involved

The World Trade Center in March 2001, which was destroyed by the attacks.

The first of the four planes to take off was American Airlines Flight 11, a Boeing 767-200ER. It was 159 feet (48 m) long and 16 feet (4.9 m) wide. It had two aisles. The plane made daily flights between Boston and Los Angeles. When it took off at 7:59 a.m. on the morning of the eleventh, it carried only 81 passengers in its 158 seats. Forty-seven minutes later, it crashed into the North Tower at 440 miles per hour (710 km/h). It was carrying 9,717 gallons of jet fuel, 14,000 fewer than it was able to carry.

United Airlines Flight 175, also a Boeing 767-200ER, was the second. Like American Airlines 11, it was scheduled to fly from Boston to Los Angeles. When United 175 took off at 8:14 a.m., it was even lighter than the American flight: Only 56 of 168 seats were filled. When it crashed into the South Tower of the World Trade Center at 9:03 a.m., traveling 540 miles per hour (870 km/h), it had 9,118 gallons of fuel in its tanks. This crash was broadcast live on many television channels worldwide that were already showing the North Tower burning.[10]

The Pentagon in 1998, which was damaged after American Airlines Flight 77 crashed into it.

American Airlines Flight 77 was the third plane to take off. It was a Boeing 757-200. It left Washington, D.C. at 8:20 a.m. going to Los Angeles. It was two-thirds empty, with 58 passengers in its 176 seats. It was carrying 4,000 gallons of fuel, less than the 11,500 gallons it could carry. It crashed into the Pentagon at 9:37 a.m., ­flying at 530 miles per hour (850 km/h).

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Either the White House (top) or the United States Capitol (bottom) were the targets in Washington, D.C. of the failed United 93 attack.
Either the White House (top) or the United States Capitol (bottom) were the targets in Washington, D.C. of the failed United 93 attack.