Virginia is a state in the United States. Its capital is Richmond and its largest city is Virginia Beach. The official name of Virginia is the Commonwealth of Virginia. About 8.6 million people lived there in 2020.

Commonwealth of Virginia
Anthem: "Our Great Virginia"
Virginia is located on the Atlantic coast along the line that divides the northern and southern halves of the United States. It runs mostly east to west. It includes a small peninsula across a bay which is discontinuous with the rest of the state.
Map of the United States with Virginia highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodColony of Virginia
Admitted to the UnionJune 25, 1788 (10th)
Largest cityVirginia Beach
Largest metroWashington-Arlington-Alexandria
 • GovernorGlenn Youngkin (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorWinsome Sears (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Delegates
U.S. senators
U.S. House delegation
  • 7 Democrats
  • 4 Republicans
 • Total42,774.2 sq mi (110,785.67 km2)
 • Rank35th
950 ft (290 m)
Highest elevation5,729 ft (1,746 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
 • Total8,535,519
 • Rank12th
 • Density206.7/sq mi (79.8/km2)
  • Rank14th
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
 • Official languageEnglish
 • Spoken language
  • English 86%
  • Spanish 6%
  • Other 8%
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-VA
Trad. abbreviationVa.
Latitude36° 32′ N to 39° 28′ N
Longitude75° 15′ W to 83° 41′ W
Virginia state symbols
Flag of Virginia.svg
Seal of Virginia.svg
Living insignia
BirdCardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)
ButterflyTiger Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio glaucus)
Dog breedAmerican Foxhound (Canis lupis familiaris)
FishBrook trout, striped bass
FlowerFlowering Dogwood
InsectTiger Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio glaucus)
TreeFlowering Dogwood
Inanimate insignia
DanceSquare dance
FossilChesapecten jeffersonius
ShellEastern oyster
SloganVirginia is for lovers
TartanVirginia Quadcentennial Tartan
State route marker
Virginia state route marker
State quarter
Virginia quarter dollar coin
Released in 2000
Lists of United States state symbols


Virginia is bordered (touching) by West Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia (across the Potomac River) to the north, by the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, by North Carolina and Tennessee to the south, and by Kentucky and West Virginia to the west.


Native Americans were the first people to settle in Virginia.

Virginia became a state in 1788 after the American Revolution. Before it became a state of the United States, Virginia was one of the Thirteen Colonies of Great Britain. Virginia was founded (started) in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia.

The state of West Virginia was part of Virginia until the American Civil War. Virginia then left (seceded from) the United States and joined the Confederate States of America. The western counties of Virginia seceded from Virginia to form a new state which was loyal to the Union. After the end of the Civil War, Virginia became part of the United States again in 1870, but the counties that had left to start West Virginia did not join Virginia again.

Virginia is the state where eight United States presidents were born. This is more than any other state.

The first African-American slaves were sent to Virginia.


Virginia has many industries like local and national government, military, farming, technology and business.[2][3] Many Virginians work for the government because it is next to Washington, D.C.. The Central Intelligence Agency, Department of Defense, as well as the National Science Foundation are in Northern Virginia. Farming is the largest industry in the state, making 334,000 jobs.[2] Tomatoes, peanuts, tobacco, and hay are grown in Virginia. Technology is a fast growing industry. Virginia is 4th in technology workers after California, Texas, and New York.[4]

Virginia Media

Related pages


  1. "Median Annual Household Income". The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. 2017. Retrieved March 16, 2019.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Articles, facts & infographics about Virginia Agriculture". Farm Flavor. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  3. "Key Industries | Virginia Economic Development Partnership". Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  4. "Virginia loses tech jobs but maintains highest concentration in U.S. - Washington Post". 2013-01-17. Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  5. Heinemann and others 2007, pp. 76–77.

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