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Commonwealth of Virginia
Navy blue flag with the circular Seal of Virginia centered on it.A circular seal with the words "Virginia" on the top and "Sic Semper Tyrannis" on the bottom. In the center, a woman wearing a blue toga and Athenian helmet stands on the chest of dead man wearing a purple breastplate and skirt. The woman holds a spear and sheathed sword. The man holds a broken chain while his crown lies away from the figures. Orange leaves encircle the seal.
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Anthem: "Our Great Virginia"
Virginia is located on the Atlantic coast along the line that divides the northern and southern halves of the United States. It runs mostly east to west. It includes a small peninsula across a bay which is discontinuous with the rest of the state.
Map of the United States with Virginia highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodColony of Virginia
Admitted to the UnionJune 25, 1788 (10th)
Largest cityVirginia Beach
Largest metroWashington-Arlington-Alexandria
 • GovernorRalph Northam (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorJustin Fairfax (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Delegates
U.S. senators
U.S. House delegation
  • 7 Democrats
  • 4 Republicans
 • Total42,774.2 sq mi (110,785.67 km2)
Area rank35th
950 ft (290 m)
Highest elevation5,729 ft (1,746 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
 • Total8,535,519
 • Rank12th
 • Density206.7/sq mi (79.8/km2)
 • Density rank14th
 • Median household income
 • Income rank
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 • Official languageEnglish
 • Spoken language
  • English 86%
  • Spanish 6%
  • Other 8%
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
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ISO 3166 codeUS-VA
Trad. abbreviationVa.
Latitude36° 32′ N to 39° 28′ N
Longitude75° 15′ W to 83° 41′ W
Virginia State symbols
Flag of Virginia.svg
The Flag of Virginia.

Seal of Virginia.svg
The Seal of Virginia.

Animate insignia
Bird(s) Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)
Butterfly Tiger Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio glaucus)
Fish Brook trout, striped bass
Flower(s) Flowering Dogwood
Insect Tiger Swallowtail butterfly (Papilio glaucus)
Tree Flowering Dogwood

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Dance Square dance
Fossil Chesapecten jeffersonius
Shell Eastern oyster
Slogan(s) Virginia is for lovers
Tartan Virginia Quadcentennial Tartan

Route marker(s)
Virginia Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Virginia
Released in 2000

Lists of United States state insignia

Virginia is a state in the United States. Its capital is Richmond and its largest city is Virginia Beach. The official name of Virginia is the Commonwealth of Virginia.


Virginia is bordered (touching) by West Virginia, Maryland, and the District of Columbia (across the Potomac River) to the north, by Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, by North Carolina and Tennessee to the south, and by Kentucky and West Virginia to the west.


Native Americans were the first people to settle in Virginia.

Virginia became a state in 1788 after the American Revolution. Before it became a state of the United States, Virginia was one of the Thirteen Colonies of Great Britain. Virginia was founded (started) in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia.

The state of West Virginia was part of Virginia until the American Civil War. Virginia then left (seceded from) the United States and joined the Confederate States of America. The western counties of Virginia seceded from Virginia to form a new state which was loyal to the Union. After the end of the Civil War, Virginia became part of the United States again in 1870, but the counties that had left to start West Virginia did not join Virginia again.

Virginia is the state where eight United States presidents were born. This is more than any other state.

The first African-American slaves were sent to Virginia.


Virginia has many industries like local and national government, military, farming, technology and business.[2][3] Many Virginians work for the government because it is next to Washington, D.C.. The Central Intelligence Agency, Department of Defense, as well as the National Science Foundation are in Northern Virginia. Farming is the main industry in the state, making 334,000 jobs.[2] Tomatoes, Peanuts, Tobacco, and hay are grown in Virginia. Technology is a fast growing industry. Virginia is 4th in technology workers after California, Texas, and New York.[4]

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