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State of Maryland
Flag of MarylandOfficial seal of Maryland
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Anthem: "Maryland, My Maryland"
File:"O Tannenbaum".ogg
Map of the United States with Maryland highlighted
Map of the United States with Maryland highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodProvince of Maryland
Admitted to the UnionApril 28, 1788[5] (7th[5])
Largest cityBaltimore
Largest metroBaltimore-Washington Metro Area
 • GovernorLarry Hogan (R)
 • Lieutenant GovernorBoyd Rutherford (R)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly of Maryland
 • Upper houseSenate of Maryland
 • Lower houseHouse of Delegates of Maryland
U.S. senatorsBen Cardin (D)
Chris Van Hollen (D)
U.S. House delegation7 Democrats
1 Republican (list)
 • Total12,407 sq mi (32,133 km2)
 • Land9,776 sq mi (25,314 km2)
 • Water2,633 sq mi (6,819 km2)  21%
Area rank42nd
350 ft (110 m)
Highest elevation3,360 ft (1,024 m)
Lowest elevation0 ft (0 m)
 • Total6,045,680
 • Rank19th
 • Density619/sq mi (238/km2)
 • Density rank5th
 • Median household income
$80,776 (2,017)[8]
 • Income rank
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 • Official languageNone (English, de facto)
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
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ISO 3166 codeUS-MD
Trad. abbreviationMd.
Latitude37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N
Longitude75° 03′ W to 79° 29′ W
Maryland State symbols
Flag of Maryland.svg
The Flag of Maryland.

Seal of Maryland (reverse).svg
The Seal of Maryland.

Animate insignia
Bird(s) Baltimore oriole
Butterfly Baltimore checkerspot butterfly
Crustacean Blue crab
Fish Rock fish
Flower(s) Black-eyed Susan
Insect Baltimore checkerspot
Mammal(s) Calico cat
Chesapeake Bay Retriever
Thoroughbred horse
Reptile Diamondback terrapin
Tree White oak

Inanimate insignia
Beverage Milk
Dance Square dance
Dinosaur Astrodon johnstoni
Food Blue crab
Smith Island Cake
Fossil Ecphora gardnerae gardnerae
Gemstone Patuxent River stone
Mineral Agate
Poem "Maryland, My Maryland" by James Ryder Randall (1861, adopted 1939)
Slogan(s) Maryland of Opportunity
Sport Jousting

Route marker(s)
Maryland Route Marker

State Quarter
Quarter of Maryland
Released in 2000

Lists of United States state insignia

Maryland is a state in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States of America. It is on the south-east of the East Coast. Its capital is Annapolis, and its biggest city is Baltimore.

The governor of Maryland is Larry Hogan. He was elected in the 2014 election. Hogan was re-elected during the 2018 election.

The state bird is the Baltimore Oriole. The state flower is the Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta). The state reptile is the diamondback terrapin. The state crustacean is the blue crab. The state motto is Fatti maschii, parole femine, which is Italian for "Manly deeds, womanly words". Maryland is the only state with a motto in Italian.

Maryland has many places important to the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, and the American Civil War. One of these places is Fort McHenry, which defended against the British Empire during the War of 1812. Another place is the Antietam National Battlefield, where the Battle of Antietam took place in 1862 during the American Civil War.

Silver Spring, Bethesda, Gaithersburg, Rockville, Frederick, Hagerstown, Cumberland, Salisbury, Greenbelt are other cities.

Maryland was founded by English Catholic settlers who wanted a place where they could freely practice Catholicism. It was the seventh state to join the US. Maryland is known as the "Old Line State," named after the Maryland Line, a regiment that fought in the American Revolution. Maryland surrounds most of the Chesapeake Bay, and the state is known for its Crabs and Crab Cakes.

Baltimore, the largest city in Maryland, is a major city that is home to the National Aquarium, Fort McHenry, and the Camden Yards baseball park. Annapolis is very famous for being the home of the United States Naval Academy, one of the flagship service academies in the United States.

Maryland was home to several different Indian tribes when English settlers arrived in the seventeenth century. The Algonquian-speaking Indians of the Chesapeake Bay and coastal areas included the Nanticoke, Piscataway, Assateagues and Pocomoke Indians. Iroquois-speaking groups such as the Susquehannocks lived in the Piedmont and mountains.

Related pages


  1. "Maryland's quality of life ranks high compared to other states". (The Daily Record (Baltimore)). December 11, 2004. Retrieved June 4, 2009. Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found.Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Category handler/data' not found.[dead link]
  2. "Maryland Facts". Maryland Office of Tourism. Retrieved June 2, 2009. 
  3. "Senate Bill 88". Archived from the original on September 29, 2017. 
  4. "Great Seal of Maryland (reverse)". Maryland State Archives. Retrieved March 4, 2014. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Marsh 2011, p. 4.
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. Retrieved October 21, 2011. 
  7. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
  8. "Median Annual Household Income". Retrieved April 8, 2019. 

Other websites

Preceded by
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Ratified Constitution on April 28, 1788 (7th)
Succeeded by
South Carolina

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