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Wind speeds usually mean the movement of air in an outside environment, but the speed of movement of air inside is also important in many cases, including weather forecasting, aircraft and maritime operations, construction and civil engineering. High wind speeds can cause unpleasant side effects, and strong winds often have special names, including gales, hurricanes, and typhoons. The highest wind speed ever measured on earth, 253 miles per hour, was recorded on Barrow Island, Australia.
The most simple method of measuring wind speed is to estimate the speed from the observed event against the Beaufort Scale. Obviously, this method is not the most accurate available, so each value on the scale represents a range of values, three on the scale, for example, covers the wind speeds between seven and ten knots.
- Wind Speed Map
- "Documentation and verification of the world extreme wind gust record". Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal 62 (2012) 1–9. June 2010. http://www.bom.gov.au/jshess/docs/2012/courtney_hres.pdf.
- Beaufort Scales (Wind Speed)