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Windsor, Vermont

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Windsor, Vermont
Old Constitution House, where the Constitution of the Vermont Republic was signed
Windsor, Vermont
Coordinates: 43°28′36″N 72°24′4″W / 43.47667°N 72.40111°W / 43.47667; -72.40111Coordinates: 43°28′36″N 72°24′4″W / 43.47667°N 72.40111°W / 43.47667; -72.40111
Country United States
State Vermont
County Windsor
 • Total 19.8 sq mi (51.2 km2)
 • Land 19.5 sq mi (50.6 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)
Elevation 1,066 ft (325 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 3,756
 • Density 192.1/sq mi (74.2/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code 50-84925[1]
GNIS feature ID 1462266[2]

Windsor is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. It is built on the banks of the Connecticut River. The population was 2,066 at the 2010 census.[3] The Constitution of Vermont was written and signed in the town. It is known as the birthplace of Vermont. It was the first capital until 1805. Then Montpelier became the official capital.


Main Street in c. 1910

The first settler in Windsor was Captain Steele Smith who arrived with his family in August 1764. The Constitution of Vermont was written and signed in 1777 at a tavern, now called Old Constitution House. This constitution declared that Vermont was an independent republic, and no longer part of the British Empire. By 1820, Windsor was the largest town in Vermont. It had factories making guns, machinery, tinware, furniture and harness. A dam built across Mill Brook in 1836 provided water power for these factories.


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