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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s – 1750s – 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1750 1751 1752 – 1753 – 1754 1755 1756|
- January 1 – Britain and its colonies adopt the idea that 1 January should be New Year's Day, following adoption of the Gregorian calendar in September 1752. The concept was first conceived in 1582, but suffered from slow public adoption.
- January 13 – Sentenced conspirators of the Tavora affair are executed
- January 29 – After a month's absence, Elizabeth Canning returns to her mother's home in London and claims that she was abducted. Following criminal trial causes uproar.
- April 5 – Founding charter of the British Museum
- Sweden adopts Gregorian calendar
- British parliament extends citizenship to Jews
- Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus on 1 May, adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature as the formal start date of the scientific classification of plants
- James Lind writes A Treatise of the Scurvy
- Tobias Smollett writes Ferdinand Count Fathom
- Robert Wallace writes On the Numbers of Man
- for more information, see Category:1753 births.
- for more information, see Category:1753 deaths.