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|Centuries:||17th century – 18th century – 19th century|
|Decades:||1720s 1730s 1740s – 1750s – 1760s 1770s 1780s|
|Years:||1750 1751 1752 – 1753 – 1754 1755 1756|
- January 1 – Britain and its colonies adopt the idea that 1st January should be New Year's Day, following adoption of the Gregorian calendar in September 1752. The concept was first conceived in 1582, but suffered from slow public adoption.
- January 13 – Sentenced conspirators of the Tavora affair are executed
- January 29 – After a month's absence, Elizabeth Canning returns to her mother's home in London and claims that she was abducted. Following criminal trial causes uproar.
- April 5 – Founding charter of the British Museum
- Sweden adopts Gregorian calendar
- British parliament extends citizenship to Jews
- Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus on 1st May, adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature as the formal start date of the scientific classification of plants
- James Lind writes A Treatise of the Scurvy
- Tobias Smollett writes Ferdinand Count Fathom
- Robert Wallace writes On the Numbers of Man
- for more information, see Category:1753 births.
- for more information, see Category:1753 deaths.