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African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights




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African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights is a treaty of international human rights law adopted by Organization of African Unity (today, African Union) in 27 July 1981.

The preamble of the Charter affirms the authority of Charter of United Nations and Universal Declaration of Human Rights and condemns apartheid, colonialism, neocolonialism and Zionism as violations of human rights.

Unlike European Convention on Human Rights, The Charter ensures economic, social and cultural rights, such as right to work, rights to social security and aid equally as civil rights. And further the Charter affirms right to self-determination,[1] right to development,[2] right to natural resource[3] and right to good environment.[4] The Charter also defines on African Committee on Human Rights to protect human rights of African citizen.

To ensure rights written in this Charter, other treaty called "protocol" for African Court of Human Rights is adopted in 2004 that African Committee can access and "Maputo Protocol" that ensures women's rights against discrimination and bad practice for women, such as female genital mutilation, is also adopted in 2003.

Notes

  1. Article 20
  2. Article 21
  3. Article 22
  4. Article 24

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