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António Egas Moniz
|António Egas Moniz|
|Born||29 November 1874|
Avanca, Estarreja, Kingdom of Portugal
|Died||13 December 1955 (aged 81)|
|Institutions||University of Coimbra (1902); University of Lisbon (1921–1944)|
|Alma mater||University of Coimbra|
|Known for||Prefrontal leucotomy; Cerebral angiography|
|Notable awards||Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1949|
- This is a Portuguese name; the first family name is Egas and the second is Moniz.
He developed cerebral angiography, a technique to visualise the blood vessels in and around the brain. This technique is widely used today. He also developed the surgical procedure leucotomy, also known as lobotomy. This technique is now rarely used.
He held academic positions, wrote many medical articles and also served in several legislative and diplomatic posts in the Portuguese government. In 1911 he became professor of neurology in Lisbon until his retirement in 1944. At the same time, he pursued a demanding political career.
- "neurosurgery". http://www.jrank.org/health/pages/33338/neurosurgery.html. . More commonly, Gottlieb Burckhardt is regarded as the founder of modern psychosurgery. See for instance: Berrios, German E. (1997). "The origins of psychosurgery: Shaw, Burckhardt and Moniz". History of Psychiatry 8 (1): 61–81. . . ; Stone, James L. (2001). "Gottlieb Burckhardt: the pioneer of psychosurgery". Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 10 (1): 79–92. . . ; Whitaker, H.A.; Stemmer B. and Joanette Y. (1996). "A psychosurgical chapter in the history of cerebral localization: the six cases of Gottlieb Burkhardt". In Editors: Code, Christopher; Wallesch C.-W.; Joanette Y.; Roch A.. Classic Cases in Neuropsychology. Hove: Psychology Press. pp. 275–304. . https://books.google.com/books?id=59pMz9m83yQC&pg=PA275.
- "Comments by Carl Skottsberg, President of the Royal Academy of Sciences (Sweden), Nobel Medicine Prize Banquet 1949". http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1949/moniz-speech.html.