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Bartlett's Familiar Quotations
|Publisher||Little, Brown and Company|
Bartlett's Familiar Quotations (often called just Bartlett's) is an American reference book. It is a collection of quotations. The book was first printed in 1855. Its eighteenth edition was published in 2012.
The quotations are listed by the name of the writer. That is different from other books of quotations that list by subject. The writers are listed by date of birth, not alphabetically. Quotations are arranged in order by time within each writer's entry. The book has an index of the main words used in the quotations. It gives the source of each quotation.
John Bartlett ran the University Book Store in Cambridge, Massachusetts. People often asked him for information on quotations. He began a book of them for reference. In 1855, he privately printed his book as A Collection of Familiar Quotations. This first edition had 258 pages of quotations by 169 authors. Many of the quotations were from the Bible, William Shakespeare, and the great English poets.
The book was a great success. Bartlett issued three more editions before joining the Boston publishing firm of Little, Brown, and Company. Bartlett supervised nine editions of the work before his death in 1905.
The tenth edition (1914) was edited by Nathan Haskell Dole. It began with quotations originally in English. Most of these quotes were from literary sources. After those, there was a section of quotations from politicians and scientists (such as "fifty-four forty or fight!"). After that, there was a section of translated quotations. Those were mostly from the ancient Greeks and Romans. The last section had quotations from the Bible and the Book of Common Prayer. Quotations were arranged in a single column.
The eleventh edition (1937) was edited by Christopher Morley (1890–1957) and Louella D. Everett. It had bigger pages and a two-column format. That is more like the format used today. A twelfth edition (1948) was also edited by Morley and Everett.
The thirteenth edition (1955) was called the "Centennial Edition." It was credited to the editors of Little, Brown, but the preface gives special thanks to Morley, Everett, and Emily Morison Beck (1915–2004). This edition included more recent quotations. The two youngest people quoted were cartoonist Bill Mauldin and Queen Elizabeth II. Beck also edited the fourteenth edition (1968) and the fifteenth (1980).
After Beck's retirement, Little, Brown made Justin Kaplan the editor for the sixteenth edition (1993). His book about Mark Twain, Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain, had won the 1967 Pulitzer Prize. Kaplan was criticized for including only three minor Ronald Reagan quotations in this edition, and for saying publicly that he despised Reagan. (Franklin D. Roosevelt had 35 entries and John F. Kennedy had 28.) Kaplan was also criticized for including pop culture material.
The seventeenth edition (2003) had similar criticism. It included entries for the first time from J.K. Rowling, Jerry Seinfeld, and Larry David. Classic quotations were cut, including eleven quotations by Alexander Pope. Kaplan did include six Reagan quotations. He told USA Today "I admit I was carried away by prejudice. Mischievously I did him dirty."
- Caroline Binham, "'Bartlett's' gets more familiar, contemporary", USA TODAY, Books, 16 Oct 2002. Book Review.
- Caroline Binham, "Cuts from 'Bartlett's Familiar Quotations'", USA TODAY, Books, 17 Oct 2002. Interview with Justin Kaplan.
In addition to the prefaces of various editions of Bartlett's, the following sources were useful:
- Aram Bakshian, Jr. "Bartlett's familiar quotas". National Review. v. 45, n. 22. November 15, 1993. 60–61.
- "Bartlett's selective memory". Alberta Report. v. 21, n. 3. January 3, 1994. 15.
- Caroline Benham. "Cuts from 'Bartlett's Familiar Quotations'. USA Today. October 17, 2002.
- James Gleick. "Bartlett Updated". New York Times Book Review. August 8, 1993. 3.
- Roger Kimball. "You Can Look It Up". Wall Street Journal. October 18, 2002.
- Douglas Martin. "Emily Morison Beck, 88, Dies, Edited Bartlett's Quotations". New York Times. March 31, 2004. C13.
- Adam Meyerson. "Editing History". Reader's Digest. v. 144, issue 863. March 1994. 104.
- Adam Meyerson. "Mr. Kaplan, Tear Down This Wall". Policy Review. Fall 1993. Issue 66. 4+.
- Robin Roger. "Up to the minute". Commentary. v. 95, n. 5. May 1993. 56–58.