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Al Baṣrah
Country Iraq
Governorate Basra Governorate
Founded AD 636
 (2003 Est)
 • Total 1,700,000

Basra (البصرة; Al Baṣrah) is the third largest city of Iraq with a population of about 2,600,000 (2003). It is the country's main port. Baṣra played an important role in early Islamic history, and it was the first city built in Islam 14 A.H (after Hijra)


The city lies at the Shatt al-Arab waterway near the Persian Gulf, 55 kilometres (34 mi) from the Persian Gulf and 545 kilometres (339 mi) from Baghdad, Iraq's capital and largest city.


  • Hawting, Gerald R. The First Dynasty of Islam. Routledge. 2nd ed, 2000
  • Vincent, Stephen. Into The Red Zone: A Journey Into the Soul of Iraq. ISBN 1-890626-57-0.

Other websites

[[Category:Cities in Ir