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|Founded by||Abu Jafar al-Mansour|
|• Body||Baghdad City Advisory Council|
|• Mayor||Saber Nabet Al-Essawi|
|• Total||2,260.2 km2 (872.7 sq mi)|
|Elevation||34 m (112 ft)|
|• Estimate (2011)||7,216,040|
|Time zone||Arabia Standard Time (UTC+3)|
|• Summer (DST)||No DST (UTC)|
Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد, transliterated Baghdād) is the capital city and largest city in Iraq. It is the second-largest city in Southwest Asia after Tehran. It is the second-largest city in the Arab world after Cairo. It has 5,772,000 people (2003). Baghdad is on the Tigris River at 33°20′N 44°26′E. The city was once the center of Dar al-Islam, Muslim civilization. Baghdad used to be one of the largest learning centers in the world, during the post classical era.
- Estimates of total population are very different depending on which source is used. The Encyclopædia Britannica gives a 2001 population of 4,950,000, the 2006 Lancet Report states a population of 7,216,040 in 2011.
- "Cities and urban areas in Iraq with population over 100,000", Mongabay.com