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بغداد Baġdād
Baghdad is located in Iraq
Coordinates: 33°20′00″N 44°26′00″E / 33.3333333°N 44.4333333°E / 33.3333333; 44.4333333Coordinates: 33°20′00″N 44°26′00″E / 33.3333333°N 44.4333333°E / 33.3333333; 44.4333333
Country  Iraq
Province Baghdad
Established 762 AD.
Founded by Abu Jafar al-Mansour
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Body Baghdad City Advisory Council
 • Mayor Saber Nabet Al-Essawi
 • Total 2,260.2 km2 (872.7 sq mi)
Elevation 34 m (112 ft)
 • Estimate (2011) 7,216,040
 • Rank 1st
Time zone Arabia Standard Time (UTC+3)
 • Summer (DST) No DST (UTC)

Baghdad (Arabic: بغداد, transliterated Baghdād) is the capital city and largest city in Iraq. It is the second-largest city in Southwest Asia after Tehran. It is the second-largest city in the Arab world after Cairo. It has 5,772,000 people (2003). Baghdad is on the Tigris River at 33°20′N 44°26′E. The city was once the center of Dar al-Islam, Muslim civilization. Baghdad used to be one of the largest learning centers in the world, during the post classical era.


  1. Estimates of total population are very different depending on which source is used. The Encyclopædia Britannica gives a 2001 population of 4,950,000, the 2006 Lancet Report states a population of 7,216,040 in 2011.
    • "Baghdad" Encyclopædia Britannica. 2006. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 13 November 2006.
    • Baghdad from
  2. "Cities and urban areas in Iraq with population over 100,000",