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Nickname(s): the city of a thousand minarets, capital of the Arab world
Cairo is located in Egypt
Egypt: site of Cairo (top center)
Coordinates: 30°3′N 31°14′E / 30.05°N 31.233°E / 30.05; 31.233Coordinates: 30°3′N 31°14′E / 30.05°N 31.233°E / 30.05; 31.233
Country  Egypt
Governorate Cairo
 • City 453 km2 (175 sq mi)
 • Urban 6,640 km2 (2,560 sq mi)
 • Metro 86,369 km2 (33,347 sq mi)
Elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Population (2011)
 • City 9,120,350
 • Density 17,190/km2 (44,500/sq mi)
 • Urban 17,290,000
 • Metro 19,439,541
 • Demonym Cairene
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
Area code(s) 2
The town center of Cairo, seen from the Cairo tower.
A map of Egypt. Cairo is the light green spot.

Cairo (Arabic: القاهرة, usually transliterated as Al-Qāhirah) is a city in Egypt. The city name can be translated as the one who won. Cairo is sometimes called "Mother of the World" (Um al Dunya).[1]

The city is the capital and largest city in Egypt.

Cairo has 7,947,121 people. About 17,290,000 people live in its urban area. This makes it the biggest city of the Arab World.[2] It also is the city with the biggest urban area in Africa

The city is on the Nile River.


In 969, the Fatimids entered Egypt and they made Cairo the capital of their caliphate.[3]

The Al Azhar mosque and university was made in 972. This became the world's oldest university. It is the most widely known seminary in the Islamic world.[1]


The Egyptian museum

The great pyramids of Giza and the step pyramid of Sakkara are just outside of the city.[1]

The Egyptian Museum holds the world’s largest collection of antiquities from the time of the ancient Pharaohs. Many treasures from the tomb of King Tutankhamun are in this museum.[1]

Famous Cairenes

People from Cairo are called 'Cairenes'.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Hedges, Chris. "What's Doing in Cairo," New York Times. January 8, 1995.
  2. Demographia World Urban Areas & Population Projections, Demographia, April 2009,, retrieved 9 July 2009
  3. Beeson, Irene. "Cairo, a Millennial," Saudi Aramco World. September/October 1969, pp. 24, 26-30.


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