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Bunchū (文中) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) of the Southern Court during the Nanboku-chō period after Kentoku and before Tenju. This period started in October 1372 and ended in May 1375.[1] The Southern Court monarch in Yoshino during this time was Emperor Chōkei (長慶天皇 Chōkei-tennō?).[2] The Northern Court pretender in Kyoto was Emperor Go-En'yū (後円融天皇 Go-En'yū-tennō?).[3]

Events of the Bunchū era

  • 1373–1406 (Bunchū 2Ōei 13): Embassies between China and Japan.[4]
  • 1374 (Bunchū 3): En'yū became the head of the Northern Court.[4]

Northern Court nengō

Related pages


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bunchū" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 90.
  2. Nussbaum, "Chōkei Tennō," p. 120.
  3. Nussbaum, "Go-En'yū Tennō," p. 251; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 310-312.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Ackroyd, Joyce. (1982) Lessons from History: The "Tokushi Yoron", p. 329.

Other websites

Bunchū 1st 2nd 3rd 4th
1372 1373 1374 1375
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by: