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Bunroku (文禄?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō,?, lit. "year name") after Tenshō and before Keichō. This period started in December 1592 and ended in 1596.[1] During this time, the emperor was Go-Yōzei-tennō (後陽成天皇?).[2]

The nengō Bunroku means "Enlightened Benevolence".[3]

Events of the Bunroku era

Japanese ships land at Pusan in the 1st year of Bunroku
  • 1592 (Bunroku 1): Silver coins called Bunroku-tsūhō were minted . Copper coins were issued at the same time, but none are known to have survived.[7]

Land reform and a general census of the population and a national survey are undertaken in 1589-1595.[11]


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Bunroku" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 92.
  2. Nussbaum, "Go-Yōzei Tennō," p. 265; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 402-405.
  3. Watsky, Andrew Mark. (2004). Chikubushima: Deploying the Sacred Arts in Momoyama Japan, p. 24; Hall, John Whitney. (1991). Early Modern Japan, p. 14.
  4. Titsingh, p. 405.
  5. Nussbaum, "Bunroku Keichō no Eki" at 92.
  6. Cholmondeley, Lionel Berners. (1915). The History of the Bonin Islands from the Year 1827 to the Year 1876; retrieved 2011-12-7..
  7. Nussbaum, "Bunroku-tsūhō" at 92.
  8. Nussbaum, "Ōgimachi Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 739; Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 正親町天皇 (106)
  9. Nussbaum, "Toyotomi Hideyori" at p. 993.
  10. Nussbaum, "Toyotomi Hidetsugu" at p. 993.
  11. Nussbaum, "Bunroku no Kenchi" at 92.

Other websites

Bunroku 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
1592 1593 1594 1595 1596
Preceded by:
Era or nengō:
Succeeded by:

Template:Japanese era name