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Tenshō (Momoyama period)
Tenshō (天正) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year" name) after Genki and before Bunroku. This period started in July 1573 and ended in December 1592. During this time, the emperors were Ōgimachi-tennō (正親町天皇) and Go-Yōzei-tennō (後陽成天皇).
Events of the Tenshō era
- 1576 (Tenshō 4): Takeda Katuyori ordered the rebuilding of the Asama Shrine at the base of Mount Fuji in Suruga province.
- 1582 (Tenshō 10): Oda Nobunaga orders the destroyed of structures built by Takeda at the Asama Shrine.
- 20 February 1582 (Tenshō 10, 28th day of the 10th month):A Jesuit missionary and four Japanese Catholic boys went to Rome to see Pope Gregory XIII. This is sometimes called the "Tenshō Embassy". or the "Boys' Mission of the Tenshō Period" (Tenshō Shōnen Shisetsu).
- 17 December 1586 (Tenshō 14, 7th day of the 11th month): Emperor Ogimachi abdicated; and his grandson received the succession (senso). Soon after, Emperor Go-Yōzei's role as monarch was confirmed (sokui).
- 1586 (Tenshō 14, 12th month): A marriage is arranged between the youngest sister of Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu.
- 1586 (Tenshō 14, 12th month): The kampaku, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, was nominated to be Daijō-daijin.
- 1587 (Tenshō 15): Gold or silver coins called Tenshō-tsūhō were minted. The gold coins (Tenshō-ōban) were oval shaped.
In popular culture
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Tenshō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 961.
- Nussbaum, "Ōgimachi Tennō," p. 739.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Yōzei Tennō," p. 265; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 382-405.
- Watsky, Andrew Mark. (2004). Chikubushima: Deploying the Sacred Arts in Momoyama Japan, p. 24.
- Jansen, Marius B. (2002). The Making of Modern Japan, p. 14.
- Hall, John Whitney. (1991). Early Modern Japan, p. 14.
- Titsingh, p. 389.
- Titsingh, p. 391.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines, p.462.
- Titsingh, p. 395.
- Nussbaum, "Tenshō Ken'ō Shisetsu" at 961; Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. (1838). "Gregory XIII," Penny cyclopaedia, Vol. 11, p. 446.
- McKelway, Matthew P. (2006). Capitalscapes: Folding Screens and Political Imagination in Late Medieval Kyoto, p. 164.
- Cooper, Michael. "When Four Boys Went to Meet the Pope, 400 Years Ago," Japan Times. 21 February 1982; retrieved 2011-12-7.
- Titsingh, p. 398.
- Titsingh, p. 399.
- Titsingh, p. 401.
- Titsingh, p. 402; Ponsonby-Fane, Richard A. B. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794-1869, pp. 340-341.
- Titsingh, p. 402; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Kunaichō, Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-29.
- Titsingh, p. 402.
- Munro, Neil Gordon. (1904). Coins of Japan, p. 80.
- Nussbaum, "Tenshō-tsūhō" at p. 961.
- Rutt, Richard et al. (2003). Korea: a Historical and Cultural Dictionary, p. 190.
- Kang, Diplomacy and Ideology, p. 275.
- Kurawawa, Akira. (1970). The Seven Samurai, p. 71; Galloway, Patrick. (1974). Stray Dogs & Lone Wolves: the Samurai Film Handbook, p. 57.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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