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Mount Fuji (富士山, Fuji-san) is the tallest mountain in Japan, at 3,776 metres (12,388 ft) high. It is also a volcano. It is on the border between Shizuoka Prefecture and Yamanashi Prefecture. Mount Fuji is a famous cultural icon of Japan, as a lot of people have painted it and taken photographs of it. It became the 13th UNESCO World Heritage Site in Japan on June 22, 2013.
The last major event was the Hōei eruption of Mount Fuji which started on December 16, 1707 (Hōei 4, 23rd day of the 11th month) and ended about January 1, 1708 (Hōei 4, 9th day of the 12th month) during the Edo period. Cinders and ash from Fuji fell like rain in Izu Province, Kai Province, Sagami Province, and Musashi Province.
The mountain is thought to be named after Fuchi, the Buddhist fire goddess. The mountain is sacred in the Shinto religion and at the bottom of the mountain are shrines to the goddess Konohananosakuya-hime (コノハナノサクヤヒメ）).
Many people climb Mt. Fuji every year. The summer during 25 July to 25 August is the official climbing season. There are three mountain-climbing routes on the Shizuoka side of Mt. Fuji. There is a post office on the top of Mt. Fuji which is open only in summer. It was built in 1909 and is the highest post office in Japan.
Mountain in art
The Great Wave off Kanagawa (1832), from 36 Views of Mount Fuji, by Hokusai
The sea off Satta, Suruga (Suruga Satta no Kaijō) by Hiroshige (1859)
- JapanGuide.com: "Mount Fuji"; retrieved 2011-12-12.
- National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Geological Survey of Japan: "Active Volcanoes in Japan"; "Mount Fuji"; retrieved 2011-12-12.
- Ball, Jessica. "Voices: Dead or alive ... or neither? Why a dormant volcano is not a dead one," Earth Magazine (American Geosciences Institute). September 8, 2010; retrieved 2012-6-14.
- Shizuoka University website: 宝永四年（1707）噴火 (Japanese); retrieved 2011-12-12.
- Titsingh, Isaac (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, p.416.
- SacredDestinations.com: "Mount Fuji, Japan"; retrieved 2011-12-12.
- Shizuoka Prefecture website: "Mt. Fuji Trivial Fact Quiz"; retrieved 2011-12-12.
- "100 Landscapes of Heisei announced," Yomiuri Shimbun. May 2009; retrieved 2012-3-30.
- Nippon Archives, Nippon Archives - The history of Mount Fuji
- Japan-guide.com, Mount Fuji
- Kawaguchi Lake Immersive Virtual Tour
- Pictures of routes up Mount Fuji
- Mount Fuji climbing & sightseeing guide