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Hōei (宝永) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Genroku and before Shōtoku. This period started in March 1704 and ended in April 1711. During this time, the emperors were Higashiyama-tennō (東山天皇) and Nakamikado-tennō (中御門天皇).
Events of the Hōei era
- 11 November 1707 (Hōei 4, 14th day of the 10th month): 1707 Hōei earthquake, also called the "Great Hōei Earthquake".
- 16 December 1707 (Hōei 4, 23nd day of the 11th month): After the eruption of Mount Fuji, cinders and ash fell like rain in Izu, Kai, Sagami, and Musashi.
- 1708 (Hōei 5): The shogunate introduces new copper coins into circulation; and each coin is marked with the Hōei nengō name (Hōei Tsubo).
- 28 April 1708 (Hōei 5, 8th day of the 3rd month): There was a great fire in Heian-kyō.
- 7 August 1709 (Hōei 6, 2nd day of the 7th month): Emperor Higashiyama abdicated; and his son received the succession (senso). Soon after, Emperor Nakamikado's role as monarch was confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 16 January 1710 (Hōei 6, 17th day of the 12th month): Former-Emperor Higashiyama died.
- 7 July 1710-22 March 1711 (Hōei 7, 11th day of the 6th month – Shōtoku 1, 4th day of the 2nd month): Diplomatic mission from Ryukyuan Kingdom was received in Edo.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Hōei" Japan Encyclopedia, p. 338.
- Nussbaum, "Higashiyama Tennō," p. 310.
- Nussbaum, "Nakamikado Tennō," p. 690; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 415-416.
- Titsingh, p. 415.
- Shizuoka University website: 宝永四年（1707）噴火 (Japanese); retrieved 2011-12-12.
- Titsingh, p. 416.
- Titsingh, p. 73; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-6-29.
- Titsingh, p. 416; Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186; Kunaichō, 東山天皇 (113); retrieved 2012-5-27.
- National Archives of Japan: Ryūkyū Chuzano ryoshisha tojogyoretsu (Procession of Ryūkyū mission in Edo), 1710; retrieved 2011-12-12.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
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