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Keichō (慶長) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, , lit. "year name") after Bunroku and before Genna. This period started in October 1596 and ended in July 1615. During this time, the emperors were Go-Yōzei-tennō (後陽成天皇) and Go-Mizunoo-tennō (後水尾天皇).
Events of the Keichō era
- 1596 (Keichō 1): Japanese invasion of Korea (also known as the Imjin War).
- 18 September 1598 (Keichō 3, 18th day of the 8th month): Toyotomi Hideyoshi died at the age of 63.
- 21 October 1600 (Keichō 5, 15th day of the 9th month): Battle of Sekigahara, which was known as "the battle that determined the future of the country" (天下分け目の合戦 Tenka wake-me no kassen ).
- 1603 (Keichō 8): Tokugawa Ieyasu was named Shogun.
- 1605 (Keichō 10): The first major map of Japan was ordered by the shogunate.
- 1609 (Keichō 12): Satsuma invades Kingdom of Ryukyu; King Shō Nei travels to Edo.
- 20 May 1610 (Keichō 15, the 27th day of the 3rd month): Toyotomi Hideyori came to Kyoto to visit the former-Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu; and the same day, the emperor announces his intention to resign in favor of his son Masahito.
- 9 May 1611 (Keichō 16): Go-Yōzei abdicated; and his son received the succession (senso); and soon after, Emperor Go-Mizunoo's role as monarch is confirmed by ceremonies (sokui).
- 1612 (Keichō 17): The oldest clock in Japan was received by Tokugawa Ieyasu as a gift from Philip V of Spain.
- 1613 (Keichō 18): Hasekura Tsunenaga headed a diplomatic mission to the Americas and Europe.
- 1614 (Keichō 19): Siege of Osaka.
- 18 October 1614 (Keichō 19, 25th day of the 10th month): A strong earthquake shook Kyoto.
- 1615 (Keichō 20): Osaka Summer Battle
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Keichō" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 504.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Yōzei Tennō," p. 265.
- Nussbaum, "Go-Mizunoo Tennō," pp. 256-257; Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 402-410.
- Watsky, Andrew Mark. (2004). Chikubushima: Deploying the Sacred Arts in Momoyama Japan, p. 24
- Hall, John Whitney. (1991). Early Modern Japan, p. 14.
- Titsingh, p. 405.
- Montreal Museum of Fine Arts. (1989). The Japan of the Shoguns: the Tokugawa Collection, p. 123.
- Titisngh, p. 409.
- Traganeou, Jilly. (2004). The Tōkaidō Road: Traveling and Representation in Edo and Meiji Japan, p. 230.
- Titsingh, p. 409; Hirai, Kiyoshi. (1950). "A Short History of the Retired Emperor's Palace in the Edo Era", Architectural Institute of Japan: The Japanese Construction Society Academic Dissertation Report Collection (日本建築学会論文報告集), No.61(19590325), pp. 143–150.
- Titsingh, p. 410; Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1998). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit,p. 186; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-11-8.
- Oosterling, Henk. (1996). Time and Temporality in Intercultural Perspective, p. 96.
- Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA), Japan-Mexico Relations; retrieved 2011-12-5.
- Titsingh, p. 410.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
- Okinawa Prefectural Archives, 島津氏の琉球侵攻 (Japanese)
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