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Cannabis (drug)

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Hampa Cannabis sativa L. (närbild).jpg
Close-up of flowering cannabis plant
Product nameCannabis
Source plant(s)Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, Cannabis ruderalis
Part(s) of plantFlower and fruit
Geographic originCentral Asia and Indian subcontinent[2]
Active ingredientsTetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol, cannabinol, tetrahydrocannabivarin
Main producersAfghanistan,[3] Canada,[4] China, Colombia,[5] India,[3] Jamaica,[3] Lebanon,[6] Mexico,[7] Morocco,[3] Netherlands, Pakistan, Paraguay,[7] Spain,[3] Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom,[8] United States[3]
Legal status
  • AU: S9 (Prohibited)
  • CA: Unscheduled
  • DE: Medical cannabis from state-controlled production: Anlage III, other cannabis: I
  • UK: Class B
  • US: Schedule I (legal recreationally in 11 states & DC; medically legal in 33 states)
  • UN: Narcotic Schedule I

Cannabis, also known as marijuana or Cannabis sativa and among other names,[a] is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes.[18][19][20] The main psychoactive part of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), one of the 483 known compounds in the plant,[21] including at least 65 other cannabinoids, which are chemicals only found in Cannabis.[22] Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract.

Marijuana is grouped into 3 categories: Sativa, Indica, and Hybrid. A hybrid is a combination of Sativa and Indica. These 3 categories are then divided and categorized more into different strains. Strains are minor differences in how you feel when you use Cannabis. Some of the most famous and well-known strains of marijuana are: Acapulco Gold, Gelato, Grape Ape, White Widow, Purple Haze, Skunk and G13.


  1. Also referred to as marihuana, pot, weed, dope, and ganja /ˈɡɑːnə/,[9][10][11][12] among many other nicknames (grass, herb, skunk, Mary Jane, etc.).[13][14][15][16][17]


  1. "marijuana noun - Definition, pictures, pronunciation and usage notes | Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary at". Retrieved 18 April 2019. 
  2. ElSohly, Mahmoud A. (2007). Marijuana and the Cannabinoids. Springer. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-59259-947-9 . 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 United Nations. "World Drug Report 2013". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  4. "Medical Use of Marijuana". Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  5. "New Colombia Resources Inc Subsidiary, Sannabis, Produces First Batch of Medical Marijuana Based Products in Colombia to Fill Back Orders". PR Newswire. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  6. Moussaoui, Rana (Nov 25, 2013). Lebanon cannabis trade thrives in shadow of Syrian war. AFP. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Garelli, Sanie Lopez (25 November 2008). Mexico, Paraguay top pot producers, U.N. report says. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 
  8. . 
  9. Pot – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  10. Weed – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  11. Dope – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  12. Ganja – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  13. Ruiz, Pedro; Strain, Eric C. (2011). Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Textbook. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 214. ISBN 978-1-60547-277-5 . 
  14. Grass – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  15. Herb – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  16. Skunk – Definition. American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  17. Mary Jane – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  18. Vij (2012). Textbook Of Forensic Medicine And Toxicology: Principles And Practice. Elsevier India. p. 672. ISBN 978-81-312-1129-8 . See also article on Marijuana as a word.
  19. Template:ShorterOxfordEnglishDictionary
  20. Editors of the American Heritage Dictionaries (2007). Spanish Word Histories and Mysteries: English Words That Come From Spanish. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 142. ISBN 978-0-547-35021-9 . 
  21. Russo, Ethan B. (2013). Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential. Routledge. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-136-61493-4 . 
  22. Newton, David E. (2013). Marijuana: a reference handbook. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 7. ISBN 9781610691499 .