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Cannabis (drug)




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Cannabis
Hampa Cannabis sativa L. (närbild).jpg
Close-up of flowering cannabis plant
Product nameCannabis
Pronunciation
Source plant(s)Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, Cannabis ruderalis
Part(s) of plantFlower and fruit
Geographic originCentral Asia and Indian subcontinent[2]
Active ingredientsTetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol, cannabinol, tetrahydrocannabivarin
Main producersAfghanistan,[3] Canada,[4] China, Colombia,[5] India,[3] Jamaica,[3] Lebanon,[6] Mexico,[7] Morocco,[3] Netherlands, Pakistan, Paraguay,[7] Spain,[3] Thailand, Turkey, United Kingdom,[8] United States[3]
Legal status
  • AU: S9 (Prohibited)
  • CA: Unscheduled
  • DE: Medical cannabis from state-controlled production: Anlage III, other cannabis: I
  • UK: Class B
  • US: Schedule I (legal recreationally in 11 states & DC; medically legal in 33 states)
  • UN: Narcotic Schedule I

Cannabis, also known as marijuana or Cannabis sativa and among other names,[a] is a psychoactive drug from the Cannabis plant used for medical or recreational purposes.[18][19][20] The main psychoactive part of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), one of the 483 known compounds in the plant,[21] including at least 65 other cannabinoids, which are chemicals only found in Cannabis.[22] Cannabis can be used by smoking, vaporizing, within food, or as an extract.

Marijuana is grouped into 3 categories: Sativa, Indica, and Hybrid. A hybrid is a combination of Sativa and Indica. These 3 categories are then divided and categorized more into different strains. Strains are minor differences in how you feel when you use Cannabis. Some of the most famous and well-known strains of marijuana are: Acapulco Gold, Gelato, Grape Ape, White Widow, Purple Haze, Skunk and G13.

Notes

  1. Also referred to as marihuana, pot, weed, dope, and ganja /ˈɡɑːnə/,[9][10][11][12] among many other nicknames (grass, herb, skunk, Mary Jane, etc.).[13][14][15][16][17]

References

  1. "marijuana noun - Definition, pictures, pronunciation and usage notes | Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary at OxfordLearnersDictionaries.com". https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/marijuana. Retrieved 18 April 2019. 
  2. ElSohly, Mahmoud A. (2007). Marijuana and the Cannabinoids. Springer. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-59259-947-9 . https://books.google.com/books?id=fxoJPVNKYUgC&pg=PA8. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 United Nations. "World Drug Report 2013". United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. http://www.unodc.org/unodc/secured/wdr/wdr2013/World_Drug_Report_2013.pdf. Retrieved 13 December 2014. 
  4. "Medical Use of Marijuana". http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/dhp-mps/marihuana/index-eng.php. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  5. "New Colombia Resources Inc Subsidiary, Sannabis, Produces First Batch of Medical Marijuana Based Products in Colombia to Fill Back Orders". PR Newswire. http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/new-colombia-resources-inc-subsidiary-sannabis-produces-first-batch-of-medical-marijuana-based-products-in-colombia-to-fill-back-orders-879870332.html. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  6. Moussaoui, Rana (Nov 25, 2013). Lebanon cannabis trade thrives in shadow of Syrian war. AFP. http://www.nzherald.co.nz/world/news/video.cfm?c_id=1503076&gal_cid=1503076&gallery_id=139379. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 Garelli, Sanie Lopez (25 November 2008). Mexico, Paraguay top pot producers, U.N. report says. http://edition.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/americas/11/25/paraguay.mexico.marijuana/. Retrieved 28 September 2013. 
  8. . http://www.spectator.co.uk/2019/01/how-britain-became-the-worlds-largest-expert-in-medical-marijuana/amp/. 
  9. Pot – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pot. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  10. Weed – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/weed. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  11. Dope – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dope. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  12. Ganja – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ganja. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  13. Ruiz, Pedro; Strain, Eric C. (2011). Substance Abuse: A Comprehensive Textbook. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 214. ISBN 978-1-60547-277-5 . https://books.google.com/books?id=w4ZUJAdleTsC&pg=PA214. 
  14. Grass – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/grass. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  15. Herb – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/herb. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  16. Skunk – Definition. American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. https://www.ahdictionary.com/word/search.html?q=skunk. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  17. Mary Jane – Definition. Merriam-Webster Dictionary. https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Mary%20Jane. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  18. Vij (2012). Textbook Of Forensic Medicine And Toxicology: Principles And Practice. Elsevier India. p. 672. ISBN 978-81-312-1129-8 . https://books.google.com/books?id=Vp8FAsnfGF4C&pg=PT672. See also article on Marijuana as a word.
  19. Template:ShorterOxfordEnglishDictionary
  20. Editors of the American Heritage Dictionaries (2007). Spanish Word Histories and Mysteries: English Words That Come From Spanish. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 142. ISBN 978-0-547-35021-9 . https://books.google.com/books?id=VTYBbGybtNEC&pg=PA142. 
  21. Russo, Ethan B. (2013). Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology, and Therapeutic Potential. Routledge. p. 28. ISBN 978-1-136-61493-4 . https://books.google.com/books?id=qH-2Lj9x7L4C&pg=PP28. 
  22. Newton, David E. (2013). Marijuana: a reference handbook. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO. p. 7. ISBN 9781610691499 . https://books.google.com/books?id=iWMf95ze8QEC&pg=PA7.