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Cervical cancer is cancer caused by HPV -human papillomavirus and is a cancer of the cervix ( the organ connectng the uterus and the vargina)or cervical area that can result in malignance and death. Sometimes, there are no symptoms until the cancer is very developed. For this reason, pap smears have become common to diagnose this cancer. They have made the cervical cancer rate drop 50 percent.[source?]
To treat the cancer, one can get surgery in the beginning and chemotherapy and radiotherapy if the cancer is far along. Most types of cervical cancer can be prevented by a vaccine. It prevents the types of HPV that cause 70% of cervical cancer. Experts say that women get the vaccine and normal pap smears. Cause -Sexual contact,too many sexual partners smoking or second hand smoke - 7 or more full term pregnancies - oral contraceptives
- "FDA Licenses New Vaccine for Prevention of Cervical Cancer". U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 2006-06-08. http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/NEWS/2006/NEW01385.html. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
- Lowy DR, Schiller JT (2006). "Prophylactic human papillomavirus vaccines.". J. Clin. Invest. 116 (5): 1167–73. . . http://www.jci.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=16670757. Retrieved 2007-12-01.
|Pathology: tumors (and related structures), cancer, and oncology (C00-D48)|
|Benign - Premalignant - Carcinoma in situ - Malignant|
|Papilloma/carcinoma - Cholangiocarcinoma - Choriocarcinoma - Adenoma/adenocarcinoma - Soft tissue sarcoma - Melanoma - Fibroma/fibrosarcoma - Metastasis - Lipoma/liposarcoma - Leiomyoma/leiomyosarcoma - Rhabdomyoma/rhabdomyosarcoma - Mesothelioma - Angioma/angiosarcoma - Osteoma/osteosarcoma - Chondroma/chondrosarcoma - Glioma - Lymphoma/leukemia|
|Surgery - Chemotherapy - Radiation therapy - Immunotherapy - Experimental cancer treatment|
|Cyst - Dysplasia - Hamartoma - Neoplasia - Nodule - Polyp - Pseudocyst|
|Tumor suppressor genes/oncogenes - Staging/grading - Carcinogenesis/metastasis - Carcinogen - Research - Paraneoplastic phenomenon - ICD-O - List of oncology-related terms|