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Christopher Marlowe
A painting in Corpus Christi College, Cambridge that is believed to be Christopher Marlowe.
Bornbaptised 26 February 1564
Canterbury, Kent, England
DiedMay 30, 1593(1593-05-30) (aged 29)
Deptford, Kent, England
OccupationPlaywright, poet
NationalityEnglish
Periodcirca 1586–1593
Literary movementEnglish Renaissance drama

Christopher "Kit" Marlowe (1564–30 May 1593) was a major dramatist, poet, and translator of English Renaissance drama. Swinburne has written that: "Marlowe is a Father of English Tragedy and the creator of English blank verse and therefore also the teacher and guide of Shakespeare."[1] He is the best Elizabethan tragedian. He was born the same year as Shakespeare, or at least baptised, but lived only to the age of 29, when he was murdered in a brawl.[2]

Marlowe was the son of a shoemaker in Canterbury. His intelligence won him scholarships, to King's School in Canterbury at age 15, and two years later to the University of Cambridge. Marlowe was well-educated; he earned a bachelor's degree in 1584 and a master's degree in 1587.

Marlowe's plays were both popular and controversial, in his own era and later. His plays deal with disturbing subjects like devil worship (Doctor Faustus), homosexuality (Edward II), and anti-Semitism (The Jew of Malta). Marlowe is generally regarded as master of blank verse.[3]

In addition to seven plays, Marlowe wrote one long poem, Hero and Leander, and one famous shorter poem, "The Passionate Shepherd to His Love."

Marlowe's death was also highly controversial. He was killed in a tavern brawl, stabbed in the head. Yet there is some historical evidence that he was a secret agent. Marlowe also was, or sometimes claimed to be, an atheist, at a time when atheism was a crime that could be punished by death. Some people have wondered if his death was connected with these other issues.

Uncertainty about Marlowe's death has led some people to believe that Marlowe faked his death and continued to write plays using the name "William Shakespeare." This is called the "Marlovian theory." In modern times, the changes were attempted to rename the theory in "Derogation of the king."

Plays

Other possible works

  • The Contention of York and Lancaster (or The First Part of the Contention betwixt the Two Famous Houses of York and Lancaster) is an annoymous work that some people think may have been written by Marlowe. It was the basis for Shakespeare's play Henry VI, Part 2.[4]

References

  1. "About Christopher Marlowe Free Essay Example" (in en-US). 2016-03-21. https://studymoose.com/about-christopher-marlowe-essay. 
  2. Wilson, Richard (1999). "Introduction". In Wilson, Richard (ed). Christopher Marlowe. London, New York: Routledge, p3.
  3. Compare T.S. Eliot, Notes on the Blank Verse of Christopher Marlowe.
  4. Logan, Robert A. (2007). Shakespeare's Marlowe: the influence of Christopher Marlowe on Shakespeare's artistry. Aldershot, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate. pp. 4–5, 21. ISBN 978-0754657637