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Chur




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Coordinates: 46°51′N 9°32′E

Chur
Coat of Arms of Chur
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Plessur
Coordinates46°51′N 9°32′E
Population 33984   (as of December 2011)
Area 28.01 km2 (10.81 sq mi)
Elevation593 m (1,946 ft)
Postal code 7000-7007
SFOS number3901
Mayor (list)Christian Boner (as of 2008) SVP
LocalitiesAltstadt, Sand, Kasernenquartier, Industriegebiet, Loestrasse-Lürlibad, Masans, Rheinquartier
Surrounded by
(view map)
Churwalden, Domat/Ems, Felsberg, Haldenstein, Maladers, Malix, Trimmis
Twin townsBad Homburg (Germany), Cabourg (France), Mayrhofen (Austria), Mondorf-les-Bains (Luxembourg), Olathe (USA), Terracina (Italy)
Websitewww.chur.ch

Chur or Coire is the capital city of the caton of Graubünden (also called Grisons). About 34.000 people live in the city, which is probably the oldest in Switzerland. The city is located on the Rhine.

The name "chur" derives perhaps from the Celtic kora or koria, meaning "tribe", or from the Latin curia

Archaeological evidence of settlement at the site goes back as far as the Pfyn culture[1] (3900-3500 BC),[2] Various artefacts from the Bronze Age and Iron Age have been found in the city. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Chur was created in the 4th century. It pis probably the first Roman Catholic diocese to be created northn of the Alps.

References

  1. Pre-Roman History in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  2. Schibler, J. 2006. The economy and environment of the 4th and 3rd millennia BC in the northern Alpine foreland based on studies of animal bones. Environmental Archaeology 11(1): 49-65