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Main street of Clunes
|Elevation:||310 m (1,017 ft)|
|LGA:||Shire of Hepburn|
|State District:||Ballarat East, Ripon|
Clunes is a town in Victoria, Australia, about 36 kilometres north of Ballarat, in the Shire of Hepburn. In 2006 there were 1605 people living in the town. Clunes was the site of the first gold rush in Victoria.
The town was home to Victoria's first gold discovery made by James Esmond. His discovery, printed in the Geelong Advertiser on 7 July 1851, started the first gold rush in Victoria. The town began a few years later. With the opening of a big gold mine, by the Port Phillip and Colonial Mining Company, the town's population grew to over 6,000 people in the late 1880s.
In 1873 mine owners tried to bring in Saturday afternoon and Sunday work. The miners refused to work the new hours and went on strike. Some days into the strike the miners started the Clunes Miners' Association. The Association used force to stop the mine owners from bringing in Chinese miners to work in the mines. They stopped the coaches and sent the Chinese back to Ballarat. This action was called the "Clunes Riots". The Clunes Miners' Association is one of the earliest beginnings of the Construction, Forestry, Mining and Energy Union.
From the 1850s through to 1893, Clunes was an important gold field in Victoria. During this time more than 1,200,000 oz (34,019 kg) of gold was dug up at Clunes. Surrounded by grassland, fields and pastures, the town has kept many of its fine historic buildings until today and is one of the architecturally most intact gold towns in Victoria.
The idea of a booktown was thought up by Councillor Tim Hayes, Linda Newitt, Graeme Johnston and Tess Brady. Clunes held its first booktown on 20 May 2007. Over 50 book sellers from around Australia set up shop for the day in the town's historic buildings. The town, which had worked together to make the day, won the Hepburn Shire's Community Event of the Year.
Now called 'Back to Booktown', Clunes holds the event every year on the first weekend in May.With more than 60 book sellers, millions of books, and 15,000 visitors, it has become the largest collection of books in any regional centre of Australia and the biggest Victorian regional book event.
Wesley College campus
In recent years Clunes has a lot of changes and rebuilding after Wesley College, Australia's biggest co-educational private school, to set up a school for its Year 9 students in the town. Opened in 2000, about 80 students live in the Wesley Clunes Residential Learning Village in the centre of town and become part of the local community for an eight-week period each term.
Because of its historic buildings, many of the outside scenes in the 2003 movie Ned Kelly, starring Heath Ledger and Orlando Bloom, were shot in Clunes. One side of the street was decorated to look like Euroa, Victoria, and the other to look like Jeriderie, New South Wales.
Clunes also appears in the movies Mad Max starring Mel Gibson and the remake of the 1950s classic On the Beach. It also appears in the Australian Broadcasting Corporation television series' Queen Kat, Carmel & St Jude and Something in the Air. Clunes was once closed off to the public for the TV show The Mole in 2001. The mission in that episode was to direct one of the players to pick up another player in a blacked-out car. Julius Avery's 13-minute movie Jerrycan was made in Clunes. Jerrycan won the 2008 Jury Prize at the 61st Cannes Film Festival in France for short films, showing restless teenagers in rural Victoria.
- Peter Lalor, the leader of the miners at the Eureka Stockade, later lived in Clunes and was the chairman of the Clunes Water Commission.
- Artist John Langstaff was in Clunes in 1862. He won the Archibald Prize five and was the first Australian artist to receive a knighthood (1928).
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Clunes (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=SSC25353&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 2009-01-03.
- "Clunes" (in English). Travel. Sydney Morning Herald. December 11, 2007. http://www.smh.com.au/news/Victoria/Clunes/2005/02/17/1108500206319.html. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". https://www.premierpostal.com/cgi-bin/wsProd.sh/Viewpocdwrapper.p?SortBy=VIC&country=. Retrieved 2008-04-11.
- "Clunes Back to Booktown". Clunes.org. http://www.clunes.org/booktown/. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
- "Back to Booktown 2010" (in English). http://www.booktown.clunes.org/. Retrieved 2010-01-01.
- "Who’s Owning Whom and Why Does It Matter? – Looking at Learning as Community Development". Doug Lloyd and Tamara Downey. http://www.aare.edu.au.+March 12, 2009. http://www.aare.edu.au/01pap/llo01457.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-12.
- "From Cairns to Clunes to Cannes". Jo Roberts. www.theage.com.au. May 27, 2008. http://www.theage.com.au/articles/2008/05/26/1211653938586.html. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
- Full Points Footy. "Clunes". http://www.fullpointsfooty.net/Clunes.htm. Retrieved 2008-07-25.
- Golf Select, Clunes, http://www.golfselect.com.au/armchair/courseView.aspx?course_id=951, retrieved 2009-05-11
- Class and racism in the 1873 Clunes Riot
- Clunes tourism information
- Clunes community website
- Wesley College - Clunes campus webpages
- Clunes Book Town website