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In law, a conviction is the verdict that results when a court of law finds a defendant guilty of a crime.[1] The opposite of a conviction is an acquittal (i.e. "not guilty"). A minor conviction is a warning conviction, and it does not affect the defendant but does serve as a warning. In Scotland there can also be a verdict of "not proven", which counts as an acquittal.[2] A convicted person is also called a convict.


  1. Garner, Bryan A., ed. (2000). Black's law dictionary (7th ed. ed.). St. Paul, Minn.: West Group. pp. 335. ISBN 0-314-24077-2 . 
  2. Peter Duff. [ "The Scottish Criminal Jury: A Very Peculiar Institution"]. Duke Law School. Retrieved 28 March 2016.