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Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape




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Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Crowns peh.jpg
Part of Crown Mines, Botallack (St Just Mining District)
LocationCornwall and West Devon, United Kingdom
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (iii), (iv)
Reference1215
Inscription2006 (30th Session)
Area19,719 ha (48,730 acres)
Coordinates50°8′10″N 05°23′1″W / 50.13611°N 5.38361°W / 50.13611; -5.38361Coordinates: 50°8′10″N 05°23′1″W / 50.13611°N 5.38361°W / 50.13611; -5.38361
The Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape is a World Heritage site. It includes select mining landscapes in Cornwall and West Devon. The site was added to the. It was added on the list in Vilnius on July 2006. Plans to restart mining at South Crofty[1] and to build a supermarket at Hayle Harbour[2] caused the World Heritage Committee to be submitted on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 2014. The proposal was rejected at the 38th Committee Session at Doha, Qatar on July 2014). Instead, they agreed on a follow-up Reactive Monitoring Mission.[3][4]

History

Devon made around 25-40% of the amount of tin that Cornwall did up to the mid-16th century. However, the total amount of tin made in both Cornwall and Devon during this time was relatively small. After the 1540s, Cornwall's production took off while Devon's production was only about between a ninth to a tenth of that of Cornwall.

From the mid-16th century onwards, the Devon Stannaries were giving very little in income to the King. They were sidelined as such following the Supremacy of Parliament Act 1512 (this does not apply to the Stannaries of Cornwall).

The landscapes of Cornwall and West Devon were reshaped during the 18th and 19th centuries by the mining for copper and tin trade. The underground mines, engine houses, foundries, new towns, smallholdings, ports, harbours, and other supporting industries together reflect the development that allowed the region to produce two-thirds of the world's supply of copper.

During the late 19th century, arsenic production came in the east of Cornwall and West Devon. As a result, the region supplied half the world’s demand. [5]

Geevor Tin Mine near St Just, Cornwall

Areas

Levant Mine in St Just Mining District

The World Heritage site consists of individual but topical linked areas around Cornwall and West Devon. The areas (with the area codes from the site nomination) are:[6]

Related pages

References

Other websites